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Article: Numerical modelling of mean radiant temperature in high-density sub-tropical urban environment

TitleNumerical modelling of mean radiant temperature in high-density sub-tropical urban environment
Authors
KeywordsSOLWEIG
Radiant heat load
Mean radiant temperature
Sub-tropical
High-density
Issue Date2016
Citation
Energy and Buildings, 2016, v. 114, p. 80-86 How to Cite?
Abstract© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Outdoor thermal comfort has been a widely concerned issue in tropical and subtropical cities. In order to assess the conditions of outdoor thermal comfort, quantitative information on different spatial and temporal scales is required. This paper employs a numerical model (SOLWEIG - SOlar and LongWave Environmental Irradiance Geometry) to examine the spatial and temporal variations of mean radiant temperature (Tmrt), as an indicator of radiant heat load and outdoor heat stress in high-density sub-tropical urban environment in summer. The SOLWEIG model is found to simulate the six-directional shortwave and longwave radiation fluxes as well as Tmrtvery well. Simulation results show that urban geometry plays an important role in intra-urban differences in summer daytime Tmrt. Open areas are generally warmer than surrounding narrow street canyons. Street canyons are sheltered from incoming direct solar radiation by shading of buildings while open areas are exposed to intense solar radiation, especially along the sunlit walls where high Tmrtis observed due to reflected short-wave radiation and long-wave radiation emitted from the sunlit building walls. The present study confirms that there are great potential in using urban geometry to mitigate high radiant heat load and daytime heat stress in the compacted urban environment. In high-density subtropical cities where high daytime Tmrtcauses severe thermal discomfort in summer, dense urban structures are able to mitigate the extremely high Tmrtand improve outdoor thermal comfort. However, the shading strategy has to be cautious about air ventilation in such a dense urban environment.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/262848
ISSN
2017 Impact Factor: 4.457
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.073
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLau, Kevin Ka Lun-
dc.contributor.authorRen, Chao-
dc.contributor.authorHo, Justin-
dc.contributor.authorNg, Edward-
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-08T02:47:15Z-
dc.date.available2018-10-08T02:47:15Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationEnergy and Buildings, 2016, v. 114, p. 80-86-
dc.identifier.issn0378-7788-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/262848-
dc.description.abstract© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Outdoor thermal comfort has been a widely concerned issue in tropical and subtropical cities. In order to assess the conditions of outdoor thermal comfort, quantitative information on different spatial and temporal scales is required. This paper employs a numerical model (SOLWEIG - SOlar and LongWave Environmental Irradiance Geometry) to examine the spatial and temporal variations of mean radiant temperature (Tmrt), as an indicator of radiant heat load and outdoor heat stress in high-density sub-tropical urban environment in summer. The SOLWEIG model is found to simulate the six-directional shortwave and longwave radiation fluxes as well as Tmrtvery well. Simulation results show that urban geometry plays an important role in intra-urban differences in summer daytime Tmrt. Open areas are generally warmer than surrounding narrow street canyons. Street canyons are sheltered from incoming direct solar radiation by shading of buildings while open areas are exposed to intense solar radiation, especially along the sunlit walls where high Tmrtis observed due to reflected short-wave radiation and long-wave radiation emitted from the sunlit building walls. The present study confirms that there are great potential in using urban geometry to mitigate high radiant heat load and daytime heat stress in the compacted urban environment. In high-density subtropical cities where high daytime Tmrtcauses severe thermal discomfort in summer, dense urban structures are able to mitigate the extremely high Tmrtand improve outdoor thermal comfort. However, the shading strategy has to be cautious about air ventilation in such a dense urban environment.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofEnergy and Buildings-
dc.subjectSOLWEIG-
dc.subjectRadiant heat load-
dc.subjectMean radiant temperature-
dc.subjectSub-tropical-
dc.subjectHigh-density-
dc.titleNumerical modelling of mean radiant temperature in high-density sub-tropical urban environment-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.enbuild.2015.06.035-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84961185863-
dc.identifier.volume114-
dc.identifier.spage80-
dc.identifier.epage86-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000371842200009-

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