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Article: Group A Streptococcus disease in Hong Kong children: an overview

TitleGroup A Streptococcus disease in Hong Kong children: an overview
Authors
Issue Date2018
PublisherHong Kong Academy of Medicine Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hkmj.org/
Citation
Hong Kong Medical Journal, 2018, v. 24, p. 593-601 How to Cite?
AbstractGroup A β-haemolytic Streptococcus or Streptococcus pyogenes is a gram-positive coccus that tends to grow in chains. Streptococcus pyogenes is the cause of many important human diseases, ranging from pharyngitis and mild superficial skin infections to life-threatening systemic diseases. Infections typically begin in the throat or skin. Mild Streptococcus pyogenes infections include pharyngitis (strep throat) and localised skin infections (impetigo). Erysipelas and cellulitis are characterised by multiplication and lateral spread of Streptococcus pyogenes in deep layers of the skin. Streptococcus pyogenes invasion and fascial involvement can lead to necrotising fasciitis, a life-threatening condition. Scarlet fever is characterised by a sandpaper-like rash in children with fever and is caused by a streptococcal toxin. Severe infections that lead to septicaemia or toxic shock syndrome are associated with high mortality. Autoimmune reactions cause characteristic syndromes such as rheumatic fever and nephritis. Epidemiology, disease presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of paediatric patients in Hong Kong with group A β-haemolytic Streptococcus are reviewed in this article. Streptococcus pyogenes disease is readily treatable, as the organism is invariably sensitive to penicillin. Delayed treatment of this common childhood pathogen is associated with significant mortality and morbidity.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/266020
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 1.679
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.279

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLeung, TNH-
dc.contributor.authorHon, KL-
dc.contributor.authorLeung, AKC-
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-17T02:16:33Z-
dc.date.available2018-12-17T02:16:33Z-
dc.date.issued2018-
dc.identifier.citationHong Kong Medical Journal, 2018, v. 24, p. 593-601-
dc.identifier.issn1024-2708-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/266020-
dc.description.abstractGroup A β-haemolytic Streptococcus or Streptococcus pyogenes is a gram-positive coccus that tends to grow in chains. Streptococcus pyogenes is the cause of many important human diseases, ranging from pharyngitis and mild superficial skin infections to life-threatening systemic diseases. Infections typically begin in the throat or skin. Mild Streptococcus pyogenes infections include pharyngitis (strep throat) and localised skin infections (impetigo). Erysipelas and cellulitis are characterised by multiplication and lateral spread of Streptococcus pyogenes in deep layers of the skin. Streptococcus pyogenes invasion and fascial involvement can lead to necrotising fasciitis, a life-threatening condition. Scarlet fever is characterised by a sandpaper-like rash in children with fever and is caused by a streptococcal toxin. Severe infections that lead to septicaemia or toxic shock syndrome are associated with high mortality. Autoimmune reactions cause characteristic syndromes such as rheumatic fever and nephritis. Epidemiology, disease presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of paediatric patients in Hong Kong with group A β-haemolytic Streptococcus are reviewed in this article. Streptococcus pyogenes disease is readily treatable, as the organism is invariably sensitive to penicillin. Delayed treatment of this common childhood pathogen is associated with significant mortality and morbidity.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherHong Kong Academy of Medicine Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.hkmj.org/-
dc.relation.ispartofHong Kong Medical Journal-
dc.rightsHong Kong Medical Journal. Copyright © Hong Kong Academy of Medicine Press.-
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.-
dc.titleGroup A Streptococcus disease in Hong Kong children: an overview-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailLeung, TNH: leungnht@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityLeung, TNH=rp02256-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.12809/hkmj187275-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85058497116-
dc.identifier.hkuros296278-
dc.identifier.volume24-
dc.identifier.spage593-
dc.identifier.epage601-
dc.publisher.placeHong Kong-

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