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Article: Psychophysiological Effects of Dance Movement Therapy and Physical Exercise on Older Adults With Mild Dementia: A Randomized Controlled Trial

TitlePsychophysiological Effects of Dance Movement Therapy and Physical Exercise on Older Adults With Mild Dementia: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Authors
KeywordsBiomarkers
Longitudinal change
Memory
Mild cognitive impairment
Psychophysiology
Issue Date2020
PublisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://gerontologist.oxfordjournals.org/
Citation
Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 2020, v. 75 n. 3, p. 560-570 How to Cite?
AbstractDementia interferes with older adults’ functioning in cognitive, daily, psychosocial, and neuroendocrine domains. The present study examined the psychophysiological effects of dance movement therapy (DMT) and physical exercise for older adults with dementia.This randomized controlled trial recruited 204 older adults diagnosed with mild dementia into the DMT, exercise, or waitlist control group. Both DMT and exercise interventions had similar intensity and comprised 24 hr of intervention that spanned over 12 weeks. All participants completed self-report questionnaires on psychosocial well-being, daily functioning, neurocognitive assessments, and salivary cortisol measures at baseline and 3 follow-up measurements more than 1 year.The DMT group showed significant decreases in depression, loneliness, and negative mood (d = 0.33–0.42, p < .05) and improved daily functioning (d = 0.40, p < .01) and diurnal cortisol slope (d = 0.30, p < .01). The effects on daily functioning and cortisol slope remained at 1-year follow-up. The exercise group of matched intensity showed no significant effects on the outcomes.The study findings support the potential utility of DMT as a multifaceted intervention for improving various aspects of functioning in older adults with declining cognitive abilities. The lack of beneficial effects for our exercise intervention and long-term DMT effects highlights the need to maintain persistent levels of exercise with adequate intensity and duration.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/273935
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 3.502
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.432

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHo, RTH-
dc.contributor.authorFong, TCT-
dc.contributor.authorChan, WC-
dc.contributor.authorKwan, JSK-
dc.contributor.authorChiu, PKC-
dc.contributor.authorYau, JCY-
dc.contributor.authorLam, LCW-
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-18T14:51:41Z-
dc.date.available2019-08-18T14:51:41Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citationJournals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 2020, v. 75 n. 3, p. 560-570-
dc.identifier.issn1079-5014-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/273935-
dc.description.abstractDementia interferes with older adults’ functioning in cognitive, daily, psychosocial, and neuroendocrine domains. The present study examined the psychophysiological effects of dance movement therapy (DMT) and physical exercise for older adults with dementia.This randomized controlled trial recruited 204 older adults diagnosed with mild dementia into the DMT, exercise, or waitlist control group. Both DMT and exercise interventions had similar intensity and comprised 24 hr of intervention that spanned over 12 weeks. All participants completed self-report questionnaires on psychosocial well-being, daily functioning, neurocognitive assessments, and salivary cortisol measures at baseline and 3 follow-up measurements more than 1 year.The DMT group showed significant decreases in depression, loneliness, and negative mood (d = 0.33–0.42, p < .05) and improved daily functioning (d = 0.40, p < .01) and diurnal cortisol slope (d = 0.30, p < .01). The effects on daily functioning and cortisol slope remained at 1-year follow-up. The exercise group of matched intensity showed no significant effects on the outcomes.The study findings support the potential utility of DMT as a multifaceted intervention for improving various aspects of functioning in older adults with declining cognitive abilities. The lack of beneficial effects for our exercise intervention and long-term DMT effects highlights the need to maintain persistent levels of exercise with adequate intensity and duration.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherOxford University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://gerontologist.oxfordjournals.org/-
dc.relation.ispartofJournals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences-
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.-
dc.subjectBiomarkers-
dc.subjectLongitudinal change-
dc.subjectMemory-
dc.subjectMild cognitive impairment-
dc.subjectPsychophysiology-
dc.titlePsychophysiological Effects of Dance Movement Therapy and Physical Exercise on Older Adults With Mild Dementia: A Randomized Controlled Trial-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailHo, RTH: tinho@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailFong, TCT: ttaatt@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChan, WC: waicchan@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailKwan, JSK: jskkwan@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChiu, PKC: chiukc@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailYau, JCY: joshyau0@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityHo, RTH=rp00497-
dc.identifier.authorityChan, WC=rp01687-
dc.identifier.authorityKwan, JSK=rp01868-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/geronb/gby145-
dc.identifier.pmid30496547-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85072163831-
dc.identifier.hkuros301821-
dc.identifier.hkuros309998-
dc.identifier.volume75-
dc.identifier.issue3-
dc.identifier.spage560-
dc.identifier.epage570-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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