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Article: Problematic Smartphone Use and Mental Health in Chinese Adults: A Population-Based Study

TitleProblematic Smartphone Use and Mental Health in Chinese Adults: A Population-Based Study
Authors
Keywordsproblematic smartphone use
smartphone addiction
anxiety
depression
mental well-being
Issue Date2020
PublisherMolecular Diversity Preservation International. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.mdpi.org/ijerph
Citation
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2020, v. 17 n. 3, p. article no. 844 How to Cite?
AbstractProblematic smartphone use (PSU) has been associated with anxiety and depression, but few explored its mental well-being correlates that could co-occur with or be independent of mental symptoms. We studied the associations of PSU with anxiety, depression, and mental well-being in Hong Kong Chinese adults in a probability-based survey (N = 4054; 55.0% females; mean age ± SD 48.3 ± 18.3 years). PSU was measured using Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Version. Anxiety and depression symptoms were evaluated using General Anxiety Disorder screener-2 (GAD-2) and Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2). Mental well-being was measured using Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS) and Short Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (SWEMWBS). Multivariable regression analyzed associations adjusting for sociodemographic and lifestyle-related variables. Associations of PSU with mental well-being were stratified by symptom severity of anxiety (GAD-2 cutoff of 3) and depression (PHQ-2 cutoff of 3). We found that PSU was associated with higher odds of anxiety and depression symptom severity and lower scores of SHS and SWEMWBS. Associations of PSU with lower SHS and SWEMWBS scores remained in respondents who screened negative for anxiety or depression symptoms. To conclude, PSU was associated with anxiety, depression, and impaired mental well-being. Associations of PSU with impaired mental well-being could be independent of anxiety or depression symptoms.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/280335
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 2.849
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.883

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorGUO, N-
dc.contributor.authorLuk, TT-
dc.contributor.authorHo, SY-
dc.contributor.authorLee, JJ-
dc.contributor.authorShen, C-
dc.contributor.authorOliffe, J-
dc.contributor.authorChan, SS-C-
dc.contributor.authorLam, TH-
dc.contributor.authorWang, MP-
dc.date.accessioned2020-02-07T07:39:39Z-
dc.date.available2020-02-07T07:39:39Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2020, v. 17 n. 3, p. article no. 844-
dc.identifier.issn1661-7827-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/280335-
dc.description.abstractProblematic smartphone use (PSU) has been associated with anxiety and depression, but few explored its mental well-being correlates that could co-occur with or be independent of mental symptoms. We studied the associations of PSU with anxiety, depression, and mental well-being in Hong Kong Chinese adults in a probability-based survey (N = 4054; 55.0% females; mean age ± SD 48.3 ± 18.3 years). PSU was measured using Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Version. Anxiety and depression symptoms were evaluated using General Anxiety Disorder screener-2 (GAD-2) and Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2). Mental well-being was measured using Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS) and Short Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (SWEMWBS). Multivariable regression analyzed associations adjusting for sociodemographic and lifestyle-related variables. Associations of PSU with mental well-being were stratified by symptom severity of anxiety (GAD-2 cutoff of 3) and depression (PHQ-2 cutoff of 3). We found that PSU was associated with higher odds of anxiety and depression symptom severity and lower scores of SHS and SWEMWBS. Associations of PSU with lower SHS and SWEMWBS scores remained in respondents who screened negative for anxiety or depression symptoms. To conclude, PSU was associated with anxiety, depression, and impaired mental well-being. Associations of PSU with impaired mental well-being could be independent of anxiety or depression symptoms.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherMolecular Diversity Preservation International. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.mdpi.org/ijerph-
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health-
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.-
dc.subjectproblematic smartphone use-
dc.subjectsmartphone addiction-
dc.subjectanxiety-
dc.subjectdepression-
dc.subjectmental well-being-
dc.titleProblematic Smartphone Use and Mental Health in Chinese Adults: A Population-Based Study-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailLuk, TT: lukkevin@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailHo, SY: syho@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLee, JJ: leejay@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChan, SS-C: scsophia@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLam, TH: hrmrlth@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailWang, MP: mpwang@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityHo, SY=rp00427-
dc.identifier.authorityLee, JJ=rp02239-
dc.identifier.authorityChan, SS-C=rp00423-
dc.identifier.authorityLam, TH=rp00326-
dc.identifier.authorityWang, MP=rp01863-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ijerph17030844-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85078957483-
dc.identifier.hkuros309143-
dc.identifier.volume17-
dc.identifier.issue3-
dc.identifier.spagearticle no. 844-
dc.identifier.epagearticle no. 844-
dc.publisher.placeSwitzerland-

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