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Article: Nonpharmaceutical measures for pandemic influenza in nonhealthcare settings—social distancing measures

TitleNonpharmaceutical measures for pandemic influenza in nonhealthcare settings—social distancing measures
Authors
Keywordsinfluenza
influenza viruses
nonhealthcare settings
nonpharmaceutical measures
pandemic
Issue Date2020
PublisherUS Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/index.htm
Citation
Emerging Infectious Diseases, 2020, v. 26 n. 5, p. 976-984 How to Cite?
AbstractInfluenza virus infections are believed to spread mostly by close contact in the community. Social distancing measures are essential components of the public health response to influenza pandemics. The objective of these mitigation measures is to reduce transmission, thereby delaying the epidemic peak, reducing the size of the epidemic peak, and spreading cases over a longer time to relieve pressure on the healthcare system. We conducted systematic reviews of the evidence base for effectiveness of multiple mitigation measures: isolating ill persons, contact tracing, quarantining exposed persons, school closures, workplace measures/closures, and avoiding crowding. Evidence supporting the effectiveness of these measures was obtained largely from observational studies and simulation studies. Voluntary isolation at home might be a more feasible social distancing measure, and pandemic plans should consider how to facilitate this measure. More drastic social distancing measures might be reserved for severe pandemics.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/282833
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 6.259
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 3.023
PubMed Central ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorFong, MW-
dc.contributor.authorGao, H-
dc.contributor.authorWong, JY-
dc.contributor.authorXiao, J-
dc.contributor.authorShiu, EYC-
dc.contributor.authorRyu, S-
dc.contributor.authorCowling, BJ-
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-05T06:22:06Z-
dc.date.available2020-06-05T06:22:06Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citationEmerging Infectious Diseases, 2020, v. 26 n. 5, p. 976-984-
dc.identifier.issn1080-6040-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/282833-
dc.description.abstractInfluenza virus infections are believed to spread mostly by close contact in the community. Social distancing measures are essential components of the public health response to influenza pandemics. The objective of these mitigation measures is to reduce transmission, thereby delaying the epidemic peak, reducing the size of the epidemic peak, and spreading cases over a longer time to relieve pressure on the healthcare system. We conducted systematic reviews of the evidence base for effectiveness of multiple mitigation measures: isolating ill persons, contact tracing, quarantining exposed persons, school closures, workplace measures/closures, and avoiding crowding. Evidence supporting the effectiveness of these measures was obtained largely from observational studies and simulation studies. Voluntary isolation at home might be a more feasible social distancing measure, and pandemic plans should consider how to facilitate this measure. More drastic social distancing measures might be reserved for severe pandemics.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherUS Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/index.htm-
dc.relation.ispartofEmerging Infectious Diseases-
dc.subjectinfluenza-
dc.subjectinfluenza viruses-
dc.subjectnonhealthcare settings-
dc.subjectnonpharmaceutical measures-
dc.subjectpandemic-
dc.titleNonpharmaceutical measures for pandemic influenza in nonhealthcare settings—social distancing measures-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailWong, JY: wongytj@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailShiu, EYC: eunshiu@connect.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailCowling, BJ: bcowling@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityCowling, BJ=rp01326-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.3201/eid2605.190995-
dc.identifier.pmid32027585-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC7181908-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85083621448-
dc.identifier.hkuros310184-
dc.identifier.volume26-
dc.identifier.issue5-
dc.identifier.spage976-
dc.identifier.epage984-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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