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Article: Alcohol promotes renal fibrosis by activating Nox2/4-mediated DNA methylation of Smad7

TitleAlcohol promotes renal fibrosis by activating Nox2/4-mediated DNA methylation of Smad7
Authors
KeywordsAlcohol
DNA methylation
NADPH Oxidases
renal fibrosis
Smad7
Issue Date2020
PublisherPortland Press Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.clinsci.org/
Citation
Clinical Science, 2020, v. 134 n. 2, p. 103-122 How to Cite?
AbstractRESEARCH ARTICLE| JANUARY 23 2020 Alcohol promotes renal fibrosis by activating Nox2/4-mediated DNA methylation of Smad7 Qin Yang; Hai-Yong Chen; Jia-nan Wang; Huai-Qin Han; Ling Jiang; Wei-Feng Wu; Biao Wei; Li Gao; Qiu-ying Ma; Xue-qi Liu; Qi Chen; Jia-gen Wen; Juan Jin; Yan Huang; Wei-jian Ni; Tao-tao Ma; Jun Li; Xiao-Ming Meng Clin Sci (Lond) (2020) 134 (2): 103–122. https://doi.org/10.1042/CS20191047 Article history Share Icon Share Cite Icon Cite Get Permissions Abstract Alcohol consumption causes renal injury and compromises kidney function. The underlying mechanism of the alcoholic kidney disease remains largely unknown. In the present study, an alcoholic renal fibrosis animal model was first employed which mice received liquid diet containing alcohol for 4 to 12 weeks. The Masson’s Trichrome staining analysis showed that kidney fibrosis increased at week 8 and 12 in the animal model that was further confirmed by albumin assay, Western blot, immunostaining and real-time PCR of fibrotic indexes (collagen I and α-SMA). In vitro analysis also confirmed that alcohol significantly induced fibrotic response (collagen I and α-SMA) in HK2 tubular epithelial cells. Importantly, both in vivo and in vitro studies showed alcohol treatments decreased Smad7 and activated Smad3. We further determined how the alcohol affected the balance of Smad7 (inhibitory Smad) and Smad3 (regulatory Smad). Genome-wide methylation sequencing showed an increased DNA methylation of many genes and bisulfite sequencing analysis showed an increased DNA methylation of Smad7 after alcohol ingestion. We also found DNA methylation of Smad7 was mediated by DNMT1 in ethyl alcohol (EtOH)-treated HK2 cells. Knockdown of Nox2 or Nox4 decreased DNMT1 and rebalanced Smad7/Smad3 axis, and thereby relieved EtOH-induced fibrotic response. The inhibition of reactive oxygen species by the intraperitoneal injection of apocynin attenuated renal fibrosis and restored renal function in the alcoholic mice. Collectively, we established novel in vivo and in vitro alcoholic kidney fibrosis models and found that alcohol induces renal fibrosis by activating oxidative stress-induced DNA methylation of Smad7. Suppression of Nox-mediated oxidative stress may be a potential therapy for long-term alcohol abuse-induced kidney fibrosis. Keywords:Alcohol, DNA methylation, NADPH Oxidases, renal fibrosis, Smad7RESEARCH ARTICLE| JANUARY 23 2020 Alcohol promotes renal fibrosis by activating Nox2/4-mediated DNA methylation of Smad7 Qin Yang; Hai-Yong Chen; Jia-nan Wang; Huai-Qin Han; Ling Jiang; Wei-Feng Wu; Biao Wei; Li Gao; Qiu-ying Ma; Xue-qi Liu; Qi Chen; Jia-gen Wen; Juan Jin; Yan Huang; Wei-jian Ni; Tao-tao Ma; Jun Li; Xiao-Ming Meng Clin Sci (Lond) (2020) 134 (2): 103–122. https://doi.org/10.1042/CS20191047 Article history Share Icon Share Cite Icon Cite Get Permissions Abstract Alcohol consumption causes renal injury and compromises kidney function. The underlying mechanism of the alcoholic kidney disease remains largely unknown. In the present study, an alcoholic renal fibrosis animal model was first employed which mice received liquid diet containing alcohol for 4 to 12 weeks. The Masson’s Trichrome staining analysis showed that kidney fibrosis increased at week 8 and 12 in the animal model that was further confirmed by albumin assay, Western blot, immunostaining and real-time PCR of fibrotic indexes (collagen I and α-SMA). In vitro analysis also confirmed that alcohol significantly induced fibrotic response (collagen I and α-SMA) in HK2 tubular epithelial cells. Importantly, both in vivo and in vitro studies showed alcohol treatments decreased Smad7 and activated Smad3. We further determined how the alcohol affected the balance of Smad7 (inhibitory Smad) and Smad3 (regulatory Smad). Genome-wide methylation sequencing showed an increased DNA methylation of many genes and bisulfite sequencing analysis showed an increased DNA methylation of Smad7 after alcohol ingestion. We also found DNA methylation of Smad7 was mediated by DNMT1 in ethyl alcohol (EtOH)-treated HK2 cells. Knockdown of Nox2 or Nox4 decreased DNMT1 and rebalanced Smad7/Smad3 axis, and thereby relieved EtOH-induced fibrotic response. The inhibition of reactive oxygen species by the intraperitoneal injection of apocynin attenuated renal fibrosis and restored renal function in the alcoholic mice. Collectively, we established novel in vivo and in vitro alcoholic kidney fibrosis models and found that alcohol induces renal fibrosis by activating oxidative stress-induced DNA methylation of Smad7. Suppression of Nox-mediated oxidative stress may be a potential therapy for long-term alcohol abuse-induced kidney fibrosis.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/284654
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 5.223
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.427

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYang, Q-
dc.contributor.authorChen, HY-
dc.contributor.authorWang, JN-
dc.contributor.authorHan, HQ-
dc.contributor.authorJiang, L-
dc.contributor.authorWU, WF-
dc.contributor.authorWei, B-
dc.contributor.authorGao, L-
dc.contributor.authorMa, QY-
dc.contributor.authorLiu, XQ-
dc.contributor.authorChen, Q-
dc.contributor.authorWen, JG-
dc.contributor.authorJin, J-
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Y-
dc.contributor.authorNi, WJ-
dc.contributor.authorMa, TT-
dc.contributor.authorLi, J-
dc.contributor.authorMeng, XM-
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-07T09:00:46Z-
dc.date.available2020-08-07T09:00:46Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citationClinical Science, 2020, v. 134 n. 2, p. 103-122-
dc.identifier.issn0143-5221-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/284654-
dc.description.abstractRESEARCH ARTICLE| JANUARY 23 2020 Alcohol promotes renal fibrosis by activating Nox2/4-mediated DNA methylation of Smad7 Qin Yang; Hai-Yong Chen; Jia-nan Wang; Huai-Qin Han; Ling Jiang; Wei-Feng Wu; Biao Wei; Li Gao; Qiu-ying Ma; Xue-qi Liu; Qi Chen; Jia-gen Wen; Juan Jin; Yan Huang; Wei-jian Ni; Tao-tao Ma; Jun Li; Xiao-Ming Meng Clin Sci (Lond) (2020) 134 (2): 103–122. https://doi.org/10.1042/CS20191047 Article history Share Icon Share Cite Icon Cite Get Permissions Abstract Alcohol consumption causes renal injury and compromises kidney function. The underlying mechanism of the alcoholic kidney disease remains largely unknown. In the present study, an alcoholic renal fibrosis animal model was first employed which mice received liquid diet containing alcohol for 4 to 12 weeks. The Masson’s Trichrome staining analysis showed that kidney fibrosis increased at week 8 and 12 in the animal model that was further confirmed by albumin assay, Western blot, immunostaining and real-time PCR of fibrotic indexes (collagen I and α-SMA). In vitro analysis also confirmed that alcohol significantly induced fibrotic response (collagen I and α-SMA) in HK2 tubular epithelial cells. Importantly, both in vivo and in vitro studies showed alcohol treatments decreased Smad7 and activated Smad3. We further determined how the alcohol affected the balance of Smad7 (inhibitory Smad) and Smad3 (regulatory Smad). Genome-wide methylation sequencing showed an increased DNA methylation of many genes and bisulfite sequencing analysis showed an increased DNA methylation of Smad7 after alcohol ingestion. We also found DNA methylation of Smad7 was mediated by DNMT1 in ethyl alcohol (EtOH)-treated HK2 cells. Knockdown of Nox2 or Nox4 decreased DNMT1 and rebalanced Smad7/Smad3 axis, and thereby relieved EtOH-induced fibrotic response. The inhibition of reactive oxygen species by the intraperitoneal injection of apocynin attenuated renal fibrosis and restored renal function in the alcoholic mice. Collectively, we established novel in vivo and in vitro alcoholic kidney fibrosis models and found that alcohol induces renal fibrosis by activating oxidative stress-induced DNA methylation of Smad7. Suppression of Nox-mediated oxidative stress may be a potential therapy for long-term alcohol abuse-induced kidney fibrosis. Keywords:Alcohol, DNA methylation, NADPH Oxidases, renal fibrosis, Smad7RESEARCH ARTICLE| JANUARY 23 2020 Alcohol promotes renal fibrosis by activating Nox2/4-mediated DNA methylation of Smad7 Qin Yang; Hai-Yong Chen; Jia-nan Wang; Huai-Qin Han; Ling Jiang; Wei-Feng Wu; Biao Wei; Li Gao; Qiu-ying Ma; Xue-qi Liu; Qi Chen; Jia-gen Wen; Juan Jin; Yan Huang; Wei-jian Ni; Tao-tao Ma; Jun Li; Xiao-Ming Meng Clin Sci (Lond) (2020) 134 (2): 103–122. https://doi.org/10.1042/CS20191047 Article history Share Icon Share Cite Icon Cite Get Permissions Abstract Alcohol consumption causes renal injury and compromises kidney function. The underlying mechanism of the alcoholic kidney disease remains largely unknown. In the present study, an alcoholic renal fibrosis animal model was first employed which mice received liquid diet containing alcohol for 4 to 12 weeks. The Masson’s Trichrome staining analysis showed that kidney fibrosis increased at week 8 and 12 in the animal model that was further confirmed by albumin assay, Western blot, immunostaining and real-time PCR of fibrotic indexes (collagen I and α-SMA). In vitro analysis also confirmed that alcohol significantly induced fibrotic response (collagen I and α-SMA) in HK2 tubular epithelial cells. Importantly, both in vivo and in vitro studies showed alcohol treatments decreased Smad7 and activated Smad3. We further determined how the alcohol affected the balance of Smad7 (inhibitory Smad) and Smad3 (regulatory Smad). Genome-wide methylation sequencing showed an increased DNA methylation of many genes and bisulfite sequencing analysis showed an increased DNA methylation of Smad7 after alcohol ingestion. We also found DNA methylation of Smad7 was mediated by DNMT1 in ethyl alcohol (EtOH)-treated HK2 cells. Knockdown of Nox2 or Nox4 decreased DNMT1 and rebalanced Smad7/Smad3 axis, and thereby relieved EtOH-induced fibrotic response. The inhibition of reactive oxygen species by the intraperitoneal injection of apocynin attenuated renal fibrosis and restored renal function in the alcoholic mice. Collectively, we established novel in vivo and in vitro alcoholic kidney fibrosis models and found that alcohol induces renal fibrosis by activating oxidative stress-induced DNA methylation of Smad7. Suppression of Nox-mediated oxidative stress may be a potential therapy for long-term alcohol abuse-induced kidney fibrosis.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherPortland Press Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.clinsci.org/-
dc.relation.ispartofClinical Science-
dc.rightsThe final version of record is available at [Journal URL].-
dc.subjectAlcohol-
dc.subjectDNA methylation-
dc.subjectNADPH Oxidases-
dc.subjectrenal fibrosis-
dc.subjectSmad7-
dc.titleAlcohol promotes renal fibrosis by activating Nox2/4-mediated DNA methylation of Smad7-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailChen, HY: haiyong@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityChen, HY=rp01923-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1042/CS20191047-
dc.identifier.pmid31898747-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85078556830-
dc.identifier.hkuros311888-
dc.identifier.volume134-
dc.identifier.issue2-
dc.identifier.spage103-
dc.identifier.epage122-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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