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Article: Murine gammaherpesvirus 68 open reading frame 31 is required for viral replication

TitleMurine gammaherpesvirus 68 open reading frame 31 is required for viral replication
Authors
Issue Date2004
Citation
Journal of Virology, 2004, v. 78, n. 12, p. 6610-6620 How to Cite?
AbstractMurine gammaherpesvirus 68 (MHV-68) is genetically related to the human gammaherpesviruses, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV/HHV-8) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). It has been proposed as a model for gammaherpesvirus infection and pathogenesis. Open reading frame 31 (ORF31) is conserved among the Beta- and Gammaherpesvirinae subfamily, and there is no known mammalian homologue of this protein. The function of MHV-68 ORF31 and its viral homologues has not yet been determined. We described here a primary characterization of this protein and its requirement for lytic replication. The native MHV-68 ORF31 was detected at peak levels by 24 h postinfection, and the FLAG-tagged and green fluorescent protein fusion ORF31 were localized in the cytoplasm and nucleus in a diffuse pattern. Two independent experimental approaches were then utilized to demonstrate that ORF31 was required for lytic replication. First, small interfering RNA generated against ORF31 expression blocked protein expression and virus production in transfected cells. Then, two-independent bacterial artificial chromosome-derived ORF31-null MHV-68 mutants (31STOP) were generated and found to be defective in virus production in fibroblast cells. This defect can be rescued in trans by MHV-68 ORF431 and importantly by its KSHV homologue. A repair virus of 31STOP was also generated by homologous recombination in fibroblast cells. Finally, we showed that the defect in ORF31 blocked late lytic protein expression. Our results demonstrate that MHV-68 ORF31 is required for viral lytic replication, and its function is conserved in its KSHV homologue.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/285892
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 4.501
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 3.347
PubMed Central ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorJia, Qingmei-
dc.contributor.authorWu, Ting Ting-
dc.contributor.authorLiao, Hsiang I.-
dc.contributor.authorChernishof, Vasili-
dc.contributor.authorSun, Ren-
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-18T04:56:55Z-
dc.date.available2020-08-18T04:56:55Z-
dc.date.issued2004-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Virology, 2004, v. 78, n. 12, p. 6610-6620-
dc.identifier.issn0022-538X-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/285892-
dc.description.abstractMurine gammaherpesvirus 68 (MHV-68) is genetically related to the human gammaherpesviruses, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV/HHV-8) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). It has been proposed as a model for gammaherpesvirus infection and pathogenesis. Open reading frame 31 (ORF31) is conserved among the Beta- and Gammaherpesvirinae subfamily, and there is no known mammalian homologue of this protein. The function of MHV-68 ORF31 and its viral homologues has not yet been determined. We described here a primary characterization of this protein and its requirement for lytic replication. The native MHV-68 ORF31 was detected at peak levels by 24 h postinfection, and the FLAG-tagged and green fluorescent protein fusion ORF31 were localized in the cytoplasm and nucleus in a diffuse pattern. Two independent experimental approaches were then utilized to demonstrate that ORF31 was required for lytic replication. First, small interfering RNA generated against ORF31 expression blocked protein expression and virus production in transfected cells. Then, two-independent bacterial artificial chromosome-derived ORF31-null MHV-68 mutants (31STOP) were generated and found to be defective in virus production in fibroblast cells. This defect can be rescued in trans by MHV-68 ORF431 and importantly by its KSHV homologue. A repair virus of 31STOP was also generated by homologous recombination in fibroblast cells. Finally, we showed that the defect in ORF31 blocked late lytic protein expression. Our results demonstrate that MHV-68 ORF31 is required for viral lytic replication, and its function is conserved in its KSHV homologue.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Virology-
dc.titleMurine gammaherpesvirus 68 open reading frame 31 is required for viral replication-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.naturelink_to_OA_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1128/JVI.78.12.6610-6620.2004-
dc.identifier.pmid15163752-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC416517-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-2642576499-
dc.identifier.volume78-
dc.identifier.issue12-
dc.identifier.spage6610-
dc.identifier.epage6620-

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