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Article: Disruption of emergency response to vulnerable populations during floods

TitleDisruption of emergency response to vulnerable populations during floods
Authors
KeywordsAmbulance services
Contingency plans
Emergency responders
Emergency response
Fire and rescue services
Issue Date2020
PublisherNature Publishing Group. The Journal's web site is located at https://www.nature.com/natsustain/
Citation
Nature Sustainability, 2020, v. 3 n. 9, p. 728-736 How to Cite?
AbstractEmergency responders must reach urgent cases within mandatory timeframes, regardless of weather conditions. However, flooding of transport networks can add critical minutes to travel times between dispatch and arrival. Here, we explicitly model the spatial coverage of all Ambulance Service and Fire and Rescue Service stations in England during flooding of varying severity under compliant response times. We show that even low-magnitude floods can lead to a reduction in national-level compliance with mandatory response times and this reduction can be even more dramatic in some urban agglomerations, making the effectiveness of the emergency response particularly sensitive to the expected impacts of future increases in extreme rainfall and flood risk. Underpinning this sensitivity are policies leading to the centralization of the Ambulance Service and the decentralization of the Fire and Rescue Service. The results provide opportunities to identify hotspots of vulnerability (such as care homes, sheltered accommodation, nurseries and schools) for optimizing the distribution of response stations and developing contingency plans for stranded sites.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/287145
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 12.08

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYu, D-
dc.contributor.authorYin, J-
dc.contributor.authorWilby, RL-
dc.contributor.authorLane, SN-
dc.contributor.authorAerts, JCJH-
dc.contributor.authorLin, N-
dc.contributor.authorLiu, M-
dc.contributor.authorYuan, H-
dc.contributor.authorChen, J-
dc.contributor.authorPrudhomme, C-
dc.contributor.authorGuan, M-
dc.contributor.authorBaruch, A-
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, CWD-
dc.contributor.authorTang, X-
dc.contributor.authorYu, L-
dc.contributor.authorXu , S-
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-22T02:56:28Z-
dc.date.available2020-09-22T02:56:28Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citationNature Sustainability, 2020, v. 3 n. 9, p. 728-736-
dc.identifier.issn2398-9629-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/287145-
dc.description.abstractEmergency responders must reach urgent cases within mandatory timeframes, regardless of weather conditions. However, flooding of transport networks can add critical minutes to travel times between dispatch and arrival. Here, we explicitly model the spatial coverage of all Ambulance Service and Fire and Rescue Service stations in England during flooding of varying severity under compliant response times. We show that even low-magnitude floods can lead to a reduction in national-level compliance with mandatory response times and this reduction can be even more dramatic in some urban agglomerations, making the effectiveness of the emergency response particularly sensitive to the expected impacts of future increases in extreme rainfall and flood risk. Underpinning this sensitivity are policies leading to the centralization of the Ambulance Service and the decentralization of the Fire and Rescue Service. The results provide opportunities to identify hotspots of vulnerability (such as care homes, sheltered accommodation, nurseries and schools) for optimizing the distribution of response stations and developing contingency plans for stranded sites.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherNature Publishing Group. The Journal's web site is located at https://www.nature.com/natsustain/-
dc.relation.ispartofNature Sustainability-
dc.rightsThis is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Nature Sustainability. The final authenticated version is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-020-0516-7-
dc.subjectAmbulance services-
dc.subjectContingency plans-
dc.subjectEmergency responders-
dc.subjectEmergency response-
dc.subjectFire and rescue services-
dc.titleDisruption of emergency response to vulnerable populations during floods-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailGuan, M: mfguan@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityGuan, M=rp02461-
dc.description.naturepostprint-
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41893-020-0516-7-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85085201560-
dc.identifier.hkuros314213-
dc.identifier.volume3-
dc.identifier.issue9-
dc.identifier.spage728-
dc.identifier.epage736-
dc.identifier.eissn2398-9629-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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