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Article: Structural evolution of the eastern segment of the Irtysh Shear Zone: Implications for the collision between the East Junggar Terrane and the Chinese Altai Orogen (northwestern China)

TitleStructural evolution of the eastern segment of the Irtysh Shear Zone: Implications for the collision between the East Junggar Terrane and the Chinese Altai Orogen (northwestern China)
Authors
KeywordsChinese Altai
Central Asian orogenic belt
East Junggar
Irtysh Shear Zone
Transpressional deformation
Issue Date2020
PublisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jsg
Citation
Journal of Structural Geology, 2020, v. 139, p. article no. 104126 How to Cite?
AbstractThe tectonic evolution of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB) involved multiple episodes of arc accretions/collisions, but the reconstruction of these tectonic processes remains relatively poorly constrained. Evidence for a collision between the intra-oceanic island arc system of the East Junggar Terrane and the active margin of the Siberian Craton (Chinese Altai Orogen) is recorded in the eastern segment of the Irtysh Shear Zone (northwestern China). Field observations from the Qinghe area show that this segment of the Irtysh Shear Zone consists of four NW–SE sinistral mylonitic zones, and domains bounded by these mylonitic zones show variable fold patterns. In the northern part of the Irtysh Shear Zone (southern Chinese Altai Orogen), three generations of structures (DCA1–DCA3) are recognized. The earliest generation of foliation (SCA1) is only recognized locally and is transposed to the orientation of the dominant DCA2 foliation (SCA2). The latter is associated with a shallowly plunging stretching lineation, which is sub-parallel to the NW–SE hinge of DCA3 folds. These third-generation folds (DCA3) show a steeply-dipping axial plane trending NW–SE. In the southern part of the Irtysh Shear Zone (northern East Junggar Terrane), the structural pattern is simpler and only involves a single generation of penetrative foliation (SEJ1). New U–Pb detrital zircon and 40Ar/39Ar data provide constraints on the timing of collision and deformation. These results suggest that the collision occurred after the Early Carboniferous, with the timing of sinistral shearing constrained to the Early–Middle Permian. The combination of sinistral shearing and NW–SE DCA3 folds likely represents an episode of transpressional deformation, which was driven by oblique collision between the East Junggar Terrane and the Chinese Altai Orogen during the Early–Middle Permian. The occurrence of original sub-horizontal SCA2 foliation and associated orogen-parallel stretching lineation might indicate that following the initial collision (after the Early Carboniferous), the southern Chinese Altai Orogen was subjected to orogen-parallel extension. In a larger-scale context, sinistral kinematics along the Irtysh Shear Zone in northwestern China and northeastern Kazakhstan, together with coeval dextral strike-slip deformation farther south, might reflect an eastward escape of orogenic materials, possibly in response to the Permian convergence of the Siberian, Baltic, and Tarim cratons.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/290160
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 2.836
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.648

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHu, W-
dc.contributor.authorLi, P-
dc.contributor.authorRosenbaum, G-
dc.contributor.authorLiu, J-
dc.contributor.authorJourdan, F-
dc.contributor.authorJiang, Y-
dc.contributor.authorWu, D-
dc.contributor.authorZhang, J-
dc.contributor.authorYuan, C-
dc.contributor.authorSun, M-
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-22T08:22:54Z-
dc.date.available2020-10-22T08:22:54Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Structural Geology, 2020, v. 139, p. article no. 104126-
dc.identifier.issn0191-8141-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/290160-
dc.description.abstractThe tectonic evolution of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB) involved multiple episodes of arc accretions/collisions, but the reconstruction of these tectonic processes remains relatively poorly constrained. Evidence for a collision between the intra-oceanic island arc system of the East Junggar Terrane and the active margin of the Siberian Craton (Chinese Altai Orogen) is recorded in the eastern segment of the Irtysh Shear Zone (northwestern China). Field observations from the Qinghe area show that this segment of the Irtysh Shear Zone consists of four NW–SE sinistral mylonitic zones, and domains bounded by these mylonitic zones show variable fold patterns. In the northern part of the Irtysh Shear Zone (southern Chinese Altai Orogen), three generations of structures (DCA1–DCA3) are recognized. The earliest generation of foliation (SCA1) is only recognized locally and is transposed to the orientation of the dominant DCA2 foliation (SCA2). The latter is associated with a shallowly plunging stretching lineation, which is sub-parallel to the NW–SE hinge of DCA3 folds. These third-generation folds (DCA3) show a steeply-dipping axial plane trending NW–SE. In the southern part of the Irtysh Shear Zone (northern East Junggar Terrane), the structural pattern is simpler and only involves a single generation of penetrative foliation (SEJ1). New U–Pb detrital zircon and 40Ar/39Ar data provide constraints on the timing of collision and deformation. These results suggest that the collision occurred after the Early Carboniferous, with the timing of sinistral shearing constrained to the Early–Middle Permian. The combination of sinistral shearing and NW–SE DCA3 folds likely represents an episode of transpressional deformation, which was driven by oblique collision between the East Junggar Terrane and the Chinese Altai Orogen during the Early–Middle Permian. The occurrence of original sub-horizontal SCA2 foliation and associated orogen-parallel stretching lineation might indicate that following the initial collision (after the Early Carboniferous), the southern Chinese Altai Orogen was subjected to orogen-parallel extension. In a larger-scale context, sinistral kinematics along the Irtysh Shear Zone in northwestern China and northeastern Kazakhstan, together with coeval dextral strike-slip deformation farther south, might reflect an eastward escape of orogenic materials, possibly in response to the Permian convergence of the Siberian, Baltic, and Tarim cratons.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jsg-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Structural Geology-
dc.subjectChinese Altai-
dc.subjectCentral Asian orogenic belt-
dc.subjectEast Junggar-
dc.subjectIrtysh Shear Zone-
dc.subjectTranspressional deformation-
dc.titleStructural evolution of the eastern segment of the Irtysh Shear Zone: Implications for the collision between the East Junggar Terrane and the Chinese Altai Orogen (northwestern China)-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailSun, M: minsun@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authoritySun, M=rp00780-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jsg.2020.104126-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85088646199-
dc.identifier.hkuros317248-
dc.identifier.volume139-
dc.identifier.spagearticle no. 104126-
dc.identifier.epagearticle no. 104126-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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