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Conference Paper: The crooked rod sign: a new radiological sign to detect deformed threads in the distraction mechanism of magnetically controlled growing rods and a mode of distraction failure

TitleThe crooked rod sign: a new radiological sign to detect deformed threads in the distraction mechanism of magnetically controlled growing rods and a mode of distraction failure
Authors
Issue Date2020
PublisherThe Hong Kong Orthopaedic Association.
Citation
40th Annual Congress of the Hong Kong Orthopaedic Association: Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Current, Future and Beyond, Hong Kong, 31 October-1 November 2020 How to Cite?
AbstractIntroduction: Despite the growing popularity of MCGR in the management of patients with EOS, postoperative complications and reoperations are not uncommon. Unique complications or unplanned reoperations are observed in patients with MCGRs that are not seen in traditional growing rods. The complications include rod slippage, mismatch between targeted and achieved distraction length, metallosis, and actuator pin fracture. We have identified an unreported failure mechanism whereby deformed threads occur in the internal distraction mechanism of the MCGR. This phenomenon may indicate increased MCGR internal screw friction and increased distraction resistance, which led to distraction failure and revision surgery. Objective: To report a unique mechanical failure of magnetically controlled growing rods (MCGRs) that is related to continuous rod slippage. Methods: A girl with EOS was treated by dual MCGRs. She developed proximal junctional kyphosis and continuous rod slippage. Distractions in the out-patient clinic and under sedation did not achieve rod lengthening. A tell-tale “crooked rod” radiological sign was identified by angulation between the actuator and the extendable portion of the rod. Results: Rod exchange was performed and she is 2 years after revision surgery with successful lengthening episodes. Upon review of the extracted MCGR, distraction was not possible even after rod removal and was resumed after the screw was manually reinserted along its correct threads. Conclusion: Deformed threads is a complication that cannot be reverted without rod removal and exchange. Users should be aware of this potential failure mechanism and proceed to early rod exchange rather than attempting any further distractions.
DescriptionElectronic Poster Presentation - no. P23
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/291195

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorCheung, JPY-
dc.contributor.authorZhang, T-
dc.contributor.authorBow, C-
dc.contributor.authorKwan, KYH-
dc.contributor.authorSze, KY-
dc.contributor.authorCheung, KMC-
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-07T13:53:36Z-
dc.date.available2020-11-07T13:53:36Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citation40th Annual Congress of the Hong Kong Orthopaedic Association: Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Current, Future and Beyond, Hong Kong, 31 October-1 November 2020-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/291195-
dc.descriptionElectronic Poster Presentation - no. P23-
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Despite the growing popularity of MCGR in the management of patients with EOS, postoperative complications and reoperations are not uncommon. Unique complications or unplanned reoperations are observed in patients with MCGRs that are not seen in traditional growing rods. The complications include rod slippage, mismatch between targeted and achieved distraction length, metallosis, and actuator pin fracture. We have identified an unreported failure mechanism whereby deformed threads occur in the internal distraction mechanism of the MCGR. This phenomenon may indicate increased MCGR internal screw friction and increased distraction resistance, which led to distraction failure and revision surgery. Objective: To report a unique mechanical failure of magnetically controlled growing rods (MCGRs) that is related to continuous rod slippage. Methods: A girl with EOS was treated by dual MCGRs. She developed proximal junctional kyphosis and continuous rod slippage. Distractions in the out-patient clinic and under sedation did not achieve rod lengthening. A tell-tale “crooked rod” radiological sign was identified by angulation between the actuator and the extendable portion of the rod. Results: Rod exchange was performed and she is 2 years after revision surgery with successful lengthening episodes. Upon review of the extracted MCGR, distraction was not possible even after rod removal and was resumed after the screw was manually reinserted along its correct threads. Conclusion: Deformed threads is a complication that cannot be reverted without rod removal and exchange. Users should be aware of this potential failure mechanism and proceed to early rod exchange rather than attempting any further distractions.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe Hong Kong Orthopaedic Association. -
dc.relation.ispartof40th Annual Congress of the Hong Kong Orthopaedic Association 2020-
dc.titleThe crooked rod sign: a new radiological sign to detect deformed threads in the distraction mechanism of magnetically controlled growing rods and a mode of distraction failure-
dc.typeConference_Paper-
dc.identifier.emailCheung, JPY: cheungjp@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailZhang, T: tgzhang@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailBow, C: cbow@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailKwan, KYH: kyhkwan@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailSze, KY: kysze@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailCheung, KMC: cheungmc@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityCheung, JPY=rp01685-
dc.identifier.authorityKwan, KYH=rp02014-
dc.identifier.authoritySze, KY=rp00171-
dc.identifier.authorityCheung, KMC=rp00387-
dc.identifier.hkuros318713-
dc.publisher.placeHong Kong-

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