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Article: In situ silica growth for superhydrophilic-underwater superoleophobic Silica/PVA nanofibrous membrane for gravity-driven oil-in-water emulsion separation

TitleIn situ silica growth for superhydrophilic-underwater superoleophobic Silica/PVA nanofibrous membrane for gravity-driven oil-in-water emulsion separation
Authors
KeywordsOil/water separation
Emulsion separation
Superhydrophilic membrane
Under-water superoleophobic membrane
Silica nanoparticle
Issue Date2020
PublisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/memsci
Citation
Journal of Membrane Science, 2020, v. 612, article no. 118476 How to Cite?
AbstractSuperhydrophilic-underwater superoleophobic (SUS) membranes have been demonstrated to be promising materials for oily wastewater treatment. However, development of facile, low cost and robust SUS membrane with high flux and less membrane fouling is still challenging. In this study, we reported a simple electrospinning/in-situ growth strategy to prepare SUS SiO2@PVA nanofibrous membrane for gravity-driven separation of oil/water mixture. In specific, a highly porous PVA nanofibrous membrane was first fabricated by electrospinning technique, followed by an in-situ growth of silica nanoparticles on the pristine PVA nanofibers through a modified Stöber reaction. The abundant hydroxyl groups on PVA nanofibers enabled uniform and stable deposition of silica nanoparticles, thus simultaneously realizing high surface energy surface (hydrophilic nature of PVA and silica) and multi-scale roughness. As expected, the resultant membrane exhibited excellent in-air “water-loving” (instantaneous in-air water wetting) and underwater “oil-hating” properties (underwater oil contact angle of 161.8° and sliding angle of 6.2°). The SUS SiO2@PVA membranes exhibited efficient separation of both free oil/water mixture and a variety of surfactant-stabilized oil-in-water emulsions in a gravity-driven filtration process. In addition, oil density played an important role during the separation process, due to superior separation performance was achieved for lighter-than-water oil when compared to heavier-than-water oils. Moreover, the membrane showed robust reusability that it maintained stable oil rejection and permeate flux in cyclic experiments.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/284811
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 7.183
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.042
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorQing, W-
dc.contributor.authorLi, X-
dc.contributor.authorWu, Y-
dc.contributor.authorShao, S-
dc.contributor.authorGuo, H-
dc.contributor.authorYao, Z-
dc.contributor.authorChen, Y-
dc.contributor.authorZhang, W-
dc.contributor.authorTang, CY-
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-07T09:02:56Z-
dc.date.available2020-08-07T09:02:56Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Membrane Science, 2020, v. 612, article no. 118476-
dc.identifier.issn0376-7388-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/284811-
dc.description.abstractSuperhydrophilic-underwater superoleophobic (SUS) membranes have been demonstrated to be promising materials for oily wastewater treatment. However, development of facile, low cost and robust SUS membrane with high flux and less membrane fouling is still challenging. In this study, we reported a simple electrospinning/in-situ growth strategy to prepare SUS SiO2@PVA nanofibrous membrane for gravity-driven separation of oil/water mixture. In specific, a highly porous PVA nanofibrous membrane was first fabricated by electrospinning technique, followed by an in-situ growth of silica nanoparticles on the pristine PVA nanofibers through a modified Stöber reaction. The abundant hydroxyl groups on PVA nanofibers enabled uniform and stable deposition of silica nanoparticles, thus simultaneously realizing high surface energy surface (hydrophilic nature of PVA and silica) and multi-scale roughness. As expected, the resultant membrane exhibited excellent in-air “water-loving” (instantaneous in-air water wetting) and underwater “oil-hating” properties (underwater oil contact angle of 161.8° and sliding angle of 6.2°). The SUS SiO2@PVA membranes exhibited efficient separation of both free oil/water mixture and a variety of surfactant-stabilized oil-in-water emulsions in a gravity-driven filtration process. In addition, oil density played an important role during the separation process, due to superior separation performance was achieved for lighter-than-water oil when compared to heavier-than-water oils. Moreover, the membrane showed robust reusability that it maintained stable oil rejection and permeate flux in cyclic experiments.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/memsci-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Membrane Science-
dc.subjectOil/water separation-
dc.subjectEmulsion separation-
dc.subjectSuperhydrophilic membrane-
dc.subjectUnder-water superoleophobic membrane-
dc.subjectSilica nanoparticle-
dc.titleIn situ silica growth for superhydrophilic-underwater superoleophobic Silica/PVA nanofibrous membrane for gravity-driven oil-in-water emulsion separation-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailGuo, H: guohao7@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailTang, CY: tangc@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityTang, CY=rp01765-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.memsci.2020.118476-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85087712303-
dc.identifier.hkuros312259-
dc.identifier.volume612-
dc.identifier.spagearticle no. 118476-
dc.identifier.epagearticle no. 118476-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000567428400001-
dc.publisher.placeNetherlands-
dc.identifier.issnl0376-7388-

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