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Article: Remdesivir, lopinavir, emetine, and homoharringtonine inhibit SARS-CoV-2 replication in vitro

TitleRemdesivir, lopinavir, emetine, and homoharringtonine inhibit SARS-CoV-2 replication in vitro
Authors
KeywordsCOVID-19
Remdesivir
Lopinavir
Ritonavir
Emetine
Issue Date2020
PublisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/antiviral
Citation
Antiviral Research, 2020, v. 178, p. article no. 104786 How to Cite?
AbstractAn escalating pandemic by the novel SARS-CoV-2 virus is impacting global health and effective therapeutic options are urgently needed. We evaluated the in vitro antiviral effect of compounds that were previously reported to inhibit coronavirus replication and compounds that are currently under evaluation in clinical trials for SARS-CoV-2 patients. We report the antiviral effect of remdesivir, lopinavir, homorringtonine, and emetine against SARS-CoV-2 virus in Vero E6 cells with the estimated 50% effective concentration at 23.15 muM, 26.63 muM, 2.55 muM and 0.46 muM, respectively. Ribavirin or favipiravir that are currently evaluated under clinical trials showed no inhibition at 100 muM. Synergy between remdesivir and emetine was observed, and remdesivir at 6.25 muM in combination with emetine at 0.195 muM may achieve 64.9% inhibition in viral yield. Combinational therapy may help to reduce the effective concentration of compounds below the therapeutic plasma concentrations and provide better clinical benefits.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/285254
ISSN
2020 Impact Factor: 5.97
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.080
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChoy, KT-
dc.contributor.authorWong, AYL-
dc.contributor.authorKaewpreedee, P-
dc.contributor.authorSia, SF-
dc.contributor.authorChen, D-
dc.contributor.authorHui, KPY-
dc.contributor.authorChu, DKW-
dc.contributor.authorChan, MCW-
dc.contributor.authorCheung, PPH-
dc.contributor.authorHuang, X-
dc.contributor.authorPeiris, M-
dc.contributor.authorYen, HL-
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-18T03:51:43Z-
dc.date.available2020-08-18T03:51:43Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citationAntiviral Research, 2020, v. 178, p. article no. 104786-
dc.identifier.issn0166-3542-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/285254-
dc.description.abstractAn escalating pandemic by the novel SARS-CoV-2 virus is impacting global health and effective therapeutic options are urgently needed. We evaluated the in vitro antiviral effect of compounds that were previously reported to inhibit coronavirus replication and compounds that are currently under evaluation in clinical trials for SARS-CoV-2 patients. We report the antiviral effect of remdesivir, lopinavir, homorringtonine, and emetine against SARS-CoV-2 virus in Vero E6 cells with the estimated 50% effective concentration at 23.15 muM, 26.63 muM, 2.55 muM and 0.46 muM, respectively. Ribavirin or favipiravir that are currently evaluated under clinical trials showed no inhibition at 100 muM. Synergy between remdesivir and emetine was observed, and remdesivir at 6.25 muM in combination with emetine at 0.195 muM may achieve 64.9% inhibition in viral yield. Combinational therapy may help to reduce the effective concentration of compounds below the therapeutic plasma concentrations and provide better clinical benefits.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/antiviral-
dc.relation.ispartofAntiviral Research-
dc.subjectCOVID-19-
dc.subjectRemdesivir-
dc.subjectLopinavir-
dc.subjectRitonavir-
dc.subjectEmetine-
dc.titleRemdesivir, lopinavir, emetine, and homoharringtonine inhibit SARS-CoV-2 replication in vitro-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailChoy, KT: ktchoy@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailWong, AYL: awong18@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailKaewpreedee, P: kpra@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailSia, SF: sfsia@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailHui, KPY: kenrie@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChu, DKW: dkwchu@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChan, MCW: mchan@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailPeiris, M: malik@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailYen, HL: hyen@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityHui, KPY=rp02149-
dc.identifier.authorityChu, DKW=rp02512-
dc.identifier.authorityChan, MCW=rp00420-
dc.identifier.authorityPeiris, M=rp00410-
dc.identifier.authorityYen, HL=rp00304-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.antiviral.2020.104786-
dc.identifier.pmid32251767-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85083015280-
dc.identifier.hkuros313032-
dc.identifier.volume178-
dc.identifier.spagearticle no. 104786-
dc.identifier.epagearticle no. 104786-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000540343900008-
dc.publisher.placeNetherlands-
dc.identifier.issnl0166-3542-

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