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Article: Depression, Anxiety, and Stress as a Function of Psychological Strains: Towards an Etiological Theory of Mood Disorders and Psychopathologies

TitleDepression, Anxiety, and Stress as a Function of Psychological Strains: Towards an Etiological Theory of Mood Disorders and Psychopathologies
Authors
KeywordsDepression
Anxiety
Stress
Psychological strains
College students
China
Issue Date2020
PublisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jad
Citation
Journal of Affective Disorders, 2020, v. 271, p. 279-285 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: The etiological factors of mood disorders and psychopathologies are understudied. In this paper, we explored whether social psychological strains are related to depression, anxiety, and stress in non-clinical populations. Methods: 6,305 college students (39.3% men; 60.7% women) from six Chinese provincial-level jurisdictions completed a paper-and-pencil survey with Psychological Strain Scales (PSS-40) and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scales-21 (DASS-21), both validated in Chinese populations. Results: Both PSS-40 and DASS-21 have high internal consistency reliabilities, and are highly correlated with each other. Hence, Chinese college students with greater psychological strains (value, aspiration, deprivation, or coping) have greater depression, anxiety, and stress. These results still held after controlling for relevant socio-demographic variables in the multiple regression models. Limitations: This was a cross-sectional study, and the sample only included several provinces in mainland China, not a representative sample of all of them. Conclusions: Mood disorders and psychopathologies are linked to suicidal thoughts and behaviors. The results of this study extend the Strain Theory of Suicide from explaining the risk factors of suicidality to mood disorders and psychopathologies. Hence, these findings can inform prevention measures among college students, and possibly the general population.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/287171
ISSN
2020 Impact Factor: 4.839
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.927
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZhang, J-
dc.contributor.authorHuen, JMY-
dc.contributor.authorLew, B-
dc.contributor.authorChistopolskaya, K-
dc.contributor.authorTalib, MA-
dc.contributor.authorSiau, CS-
dc.contributor.authorLeung, ANM-
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-22T02:56:53Z-
dc.date.available2020-09-22T02:56:53Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Affective Disorders, 2020, v. 271, p. 279-285-
dc.identifier.issn0165-0327-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/287171-
dc.description.abstractBackground: The etiological factors of mood disorders and psychopathologies are understudied. In this paper, we explored whether social psychological strains are related to depression, anxiety, and stress in non-clinical populations. Methods: 6,305 college students (39.3% men; 60.7% women) from six Chinese provincial-level jurisdictions completed a paper-and-pencil survey with Psychological Strain Scales (PSS-40) and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scales-21 (DASS-21), both validated in Chinese populations. Results: Both PSS-40 and DASS-21 have high internal consistency reliabilities, and are highly correlated with each other. Hence, Chinese college students with greater psychological strains (value, aspiration, deprivation, or coping) have greater depression, anxiety, and stress. These results still held after controlling for relevant socio-demographic variables in the multiple regression models. Limitations: This was a cross-sectional study, and the sample only included several provinces in mainland China, not a representative sample of all of them. Conclusions: Mood disorders and psychopathologies are linked to suicidal thoughts and behaviors. The results of this study extend the Strain Theory of Suicide from explaining the risk factors of suicidality to mood disorders and psychopathologies. Hence, these findings can inform prevention measures among college students, and possibly the general population.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jad-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Affective Disorders-
dc.subjectDepression-
dc.subjectAnxiety-
dc.subjectStress-
dc.subjectPsychological strains-
dc.subjectCollege students-
dc.subjectChina-
dc.titleDepression, Anxiety, and Stress as a Function of Psychological Strains: Towards an Etiological Theory of Mood Disorders and Psychopathologies-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jad.2020.03.076-
dc.identifier.pmid32479327-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85083861967-
dc.identifier.hkuros314354-
dc.identifier.volume271-
dc.identifier.spage279-
dc.identifier.epage285-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000538771000036-
dc.publisher.placeNetherlands-
dc.identifier.issnl0165-0327-

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