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Article: The impacts of COVID-19 outbreak on mental health in general population in different areas in China

TitleThe impacts of COVID-19 outbreak on mental health in general population in different areas in China
Authors
KeywordsCOVID-19
outbreak
mental health
general population
China
Issue Date2020
PublisherCambridge University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=PSM
Citation
Psychological Medicine, 2020, Epub 2020-12-10 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: This study aimed to explore the impacts of COVID-19 outbreak on mental health status in general population in different affected areas in China. Methods: This was a comparative study including two groups of participants: (1) general population in an online survey in Ya'an and Jingzhou cities during the COVID-19 outbreak from 10–20 February 2020; and (2) matching general population selected from the mental health survey in Ya'an in 2019 (from January to May 2019). General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) were used. Results: There were 1775 participants (Ya'an in 2019 and 2020: 537 respectively; Jingzhou in 2020: 701). Participants in Ya'an had a significantly higher rate of general health problems (GHQ scores ⩾3) in 2020 (14.7%) than in 2019 (5.2%) (p < 0.001). Compared with Ya'an (8.0%), participants in Jingzhou in 2020 had a significantly higher rate of anxiety (SAS scores ⩾50, 24.1%) (p < 0.001). Participants in Ya'an in 2020 had a significantly higher rate of depression (SDS scores ⩾53, 55.3%) than in Jingzhou (16.3%) (p < 0.001). The risk factors of anxiety symptoms included female, number of family members (⩾6 persons), and frequent outdoor activities. The risk factors of depression symptoms included participants in Ya'an and uptake self-protective measures. Conclusions: The prevalence of psychological symptoms has increased sharply in general population during the COVID-19 outbreak. People in COVID-19 severely affected areas may have higher scores of GHQ and anxiety symptoms. Culture-specific and individual-based psychosocial interventions should be developed for those in need during the COVID-19 outbreak.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/295276
ISSN
2021 Impact Factor: 10.592
2020 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.857

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorRan, MS-
dc.contributor.authorGao, R-
dc.contributor.authorLin, JX-
dc.contributor.authorZhang, TM-
dc.contributor.authorChan, SKW-
dc.contributor.authorDeng, XP-
dc.contributor.authorZhang, BZ-
dc.contributor.authorZhang, XF-
dc.contributor.authorHuang, GP-
dc.contributor.authorPu, DS-
dc.contributor.authorBai, JZ-
dc.contributor.authorXu, LX-
dc.contributor.authorLiu, B-
dc.date.accessioned2021-01-11T13:57:49Z-
dc.date.available2021-01-11T13:57:49Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citationPsychological Medicine, 2020, Epub 2020-12-10-
dc.identifier.issn0033-2917-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/295276-
dc.description.abstractBackground: This study aimed to explore the impacts of COVID-19 outbreak on mental health status in general population in different affected areas in China. Methods: This was a comparative study including two groups of participants: (1) general population in an online survey in Ya'an and Jingzhou cities during the COVID-19 outbreak from 10–20 February 2020; and (2) matching general population selected from the mental health survey in Ya'an in 2019 (from January to May 2019). General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) were used. Results: There were 1775 participants (Ya'an in 2019 and 2020: 537 respectively; Jingzhou in 2020: 701). Participants in Ya'an had a significantly higher rate of general health problems (GHQ scores ⩾3) in 2020 (14.7%) than in 2019 (5.2%) (p < 0.001). Compared with Ya'an (8.0%), participants in Jingzhou in 2020 had a significantly higher rate of anxiety (SAS scores ⩾50, 24.1%) (p < 0.001). Participants in Ya'an in 2020 had a significantly higher rate of depression (SDS scores ⩾53, 55.3%) than in Jingzhou (16.3%) (p < 0.001). The risk factors of anxiety symptoms included female, number of family members (⩾6 persons), and frequent outdoor activities. The risk factors of depression symptoms included participants in Ya'an and uptake self-protective measures. Conclusions: The prevalence of psychological symptoms has increased sharply in general population during the COVID-19 outbreak. People in COVID-19 severely affected areas may have higher scores of GHQ and anxiety symptoms. Culture-specific and individual-based psychosocial interventions should be developed for those in need during the COVID-19 outbreak.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherCambridge University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=PSM-
dc.relation.ispartofPsychological Medicine-
dc.rightsPsychological Medicine. Copyright © Cambridge University Press.-
dc.rightsThis article has been published in a revised form in [Journal] [http://doi.org/XXX]. This version is free to view and download for private research and study only. Not for re-distribution, re-sale or use in derivative works. © copyright holder.-
dc.subjectCOVID-19-
dc.subjectoutbreak-
dc.subjectmental health-
dc.subjectgeneral population-
dc.subjectChina-
dc.titleThe impacts of COVID-19 outbreak on mental health in general population in different areas in China-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailRan, MS: msran@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChan, SKW: kwsherry@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityRan, MS=rp01788-
dc.identifier.authorityLin, JX=rp02218-
dc.identifier.authorityChan, SKW=rp00539-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0033291720004717-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85097549713-
dc.identifier.hkuros320738-
dc.identifier.volumeEpub 2020-12-10-
dc.identifier.spage1-
dc.identifier.epage10-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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