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Article: Association of symptoms of attention deficit and hyperactivity with problematic internet use among university students in Wuhan, China during the COVID-19 pandemic

TitleAssociation of symptoms of attention deficit and hyperactivity with problematic internet use among university students in Wuhan, China during the COVID-19 pandemic
Authors
KeywordsCOVID-19
Problematic internet use
Symptoms of attention deficit and hyperactivity
University students
Issue Date2021
PublisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jad
Citation
Journal of Affective Disorders, 2021, v. 286, p. 220-227 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: COVID-19 is still spreading worldwide and posing a threat to individuals’ physical and mental health including problematic internet use (PIU). A potentially high-risk group for PIU are those with symptoms of attention deficit and hyperactivity (ADHD symptoms), because of restrictions in their physical activity levels and engagement in computer diversions requiring only short attention spans. Methods: We used convenience sampling in a cross-sectional survey of university students from 30 universities in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. We assessed PIU using the Internet Addiction Test and ADHD symptoms using the WHO Adult ADHD Self-Report Screening Scale. Using logistic regression and linear regression analyses we adjusted for demographic, epidemic-related and psychological covariates in models of the association between ADHD symptoms and PIU. Results: Among 11,254 participants, we found a 28.4% (95% CI, 27.5%-29.2%) prevalence of PIU, relatively higher than before the pandemic. In our final logistic regression model, participants with ADHD symptoms had approximately two times the risk for PIU (OR: 2.31, 95% CI: 1.89-2.83). Similarly, individuals with depression, anxiety, insomnia, PTSD symptoms and feeling stress during the pandemic had a higher risk of PIU, while those exercising regularly during the pandemic had a lower risk. Limitations: The cross-sectional design and reliance on internet based self-reports for ADHD symptoms and PIU assessments, without direct structured interviews for validation, are limitations. Conclusions: The prevalence of PIU was high during COVID-19, and those people with ADHD symptoms and other mental illness symptoms appear to be at higher risk of PIU. Regular exercise may reduce that PIU risk and hence should be recommended during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/297697
ISSN
2020 Impact Factor: 4.839
2020 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.892
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Y-
dc.contributor.authorJiang, Z-
dc.contributor.authorGuo, S-
dc.contributor.authorWu, P-
dc.contributor.authorLu, Q-
dc.contributor.authorXu, Y-
dc.contributor.authorLiu, L-
dc.contributor.authorSu, S-
dc.contributor.authorShi, L-
dc.contributor.authorQue, J-
dc.contributor.authorSun, Y-
dc.contributor.authorSun, Y-
dc.contributor.authorDeng, J-
dc.contributor.authorMeng, S-
dc.contributor.authorYan, W-
dc.contributor.authorYuan, K-
dc.contributor.authorSun, S-
dc.contributor.authorYang, L-
dc.contributor.authorRan, M-
dc.contributor.authorKosten, TR-
dc.contributor.authorStrang, J-
dc.contributor.authorLu, Y-
dc.contributor.authorHuang, G-
dc.contributor.authorLu, L-
dc.contributor.authorBao, Y-
dc.contributor.authorShi, J-
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-23T04:20:23Z-
dc.date.available2021-03-23T04:20:23Z-
dc.date.issued2021-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Affective Disorders, 2021, v. 286, p. 220-227-
dc.identifier.issn0165-0327-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/297697-
dc.description.abstractBackground: COVID-19 is still spreading worldwide and posing a threat to individuals’ physical and mental health including problematic internet use (PIU). A potentially high-risk group for PIU are those with symptoms of attention deficit and hyperactivity (ADHD symptoms), because of restrictions in their physical activity levels and engagement in computer diversions requiring only short attention spans. Methods: We used convenience sampling in a cross-sectional survey of university students from 30 universities in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. We assessed PIU using the Internet Addiction Test and ADHD symptoms using the WHO Adult ADHD Self-Report Screening Scale. Using logistic regression and linear regression analyses we adjusted for demographic, epidemic-related and psychological covariates in models of the association between ADHD symptoms and PIU. Results: Among 11,254 participants, we found a 28.4% (95% CI, 27.5%-29.2%) prevalence of PIU, relatively higher than before the pandemic. In our final logistic regression model, participants with ADHD symptoms had approximately two times the risk for PIU (OR: 2.31, 95% CI: 1.89-2.83). Similarly, individuals with depression, anxiety, insomnia, PTSD symptoms and feeling stress during the pandemic had a higher risk of PIU, while those exercising regularly during the pandemic had a lower risk. Limitations: The cross-sectional design and reliance on internet based self-reports for ADHD symptoms and PIU assessments, without direct structured interviews for validation, are limitations. Conclusions: The prevalence of PIU was high during COVID-19, and those people with ADHD symptoms and other mental illness symptoms appear to be at higher risk of PIU. Regular exercise may reduce that PIU risk and hence should be recommended during the COVID-19 pandemic.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherElsevier BV. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jad-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Affective Disorders-
dc.subjectCOVID-19-
dc.subjectProblematic internet use-
dc.subjectSymptoms of attention deficit and hyperactivity-
dc.subjectUniversity students-
dc.titleAssociation of symptoms of attention deficit and hyperactivity with problematic internet use among university students in Wuhan, China during the COVID-19 pandemic-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailRan, M: msran@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityRan, M=rp01788-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jad.2021.02.078-
dc.identifier.pmid33740639-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85102582662-
dc.identifier.hkuros321803-
dc.identifier.volume286-
dc.identifier.spage220-
dc.identifier.epage227-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000640650100032-
dc.publisher.placeNetherlands-

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