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Article: Transcriptional Regulation of the Synaptic Vesicle Protein Synaptogyrin-3 (SYNGR3) Gene: The Effects of NURR1 on Its Expression

TitleTranscriptional Regulation of the Synaptic Vesicle Protein Synaptogyrin-3 (SYNGR3) Gene: The Effects of NURR1 on Its Expression
Authors
Issue Date2022
Citation
International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2022, v. 23, p. 3646 How to Cite?
AbstractSynaptogyrin-3 (SYNGR3) is a synaptic vesicular membrane protein. Amongst four homologues (SYNGR1 to 4), SYNGR1 and 3 are especially abundant in the brain. SYNGR3 interacts with the dopamine transporter (DAT) to facilitate dopamine (DA) uptake and synaptic DA turnover in dopaminergic transmission. Perturbed SYNGR3 expression is observed in Parkinson’s disease (PD). The regulatory elements which affect SYNGR3 expression are unknown. Nuclear-receptor-related-1 protein (NURR1) can regulate dopaminergic neuronal differentiation and maintenance via binding to NGFI-B response elements (NBRE). We explored whether NURR1 can regulate SYNGR3 expression using an in silico analysis of the 5′-flanking region of the human SYNGR3 gene, reporter gene activity and an electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) of potential cis-acting sites. In silico analysis of two genomic DNA segments (1870 bp 5′-flanking region and 1870 + 159 bp of first exon) revealed one X Core Promoter Element 1 (XCPE1), two SP1, and three potential non-canonical NBRE response elements (ncNBRE) but no CAAT or TATA box. The longer segment exhibited gene promoter activity in luciferase reporter assays. Site-directed mutagenesis of XCPE1 decreased promoter activity in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y (↓43.2%) and human embryonic kidney HEK293 cells (↓39.7%). EMSA demonstrated NURR1 binding to these three ncNBRE. Site-directed mutagenesis of these ncNBRE reduced promoter activity by 11–17% in SH-SY5Y (neuronal) but not in HEK293 (non-neuronal) cells. C-DIM12 (Nurr1 activator) increased SYNGR3 protein expression in SH-SY5Y cells and its promoter activity using a real-time luciferase assay. As perturbed vesicular function is a feature of major neurodegenerative diseases, inducing SYNGR3 expression by NURR1 activators may be a potential therapeutic target to attenuate synaptic dysfunction in PD.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/311840

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLI, L-
dc.contributor.authorHo, WL-
dc.contributor.authorLiu, H-
dc.contributor.authorPang, SYY-
dc.contributor.authorCHANG, ES-
dc.contributor.authorChoi, YK-
dc.contributor.authorMalki, Y-
dc.contributor.authorKung, MHW-
dc.contributor.authorRamsden, DB-
dc.contributor.authorHo, SL-
dc.date.accessioned2022-04-01T09:13:53Z-
dc.date.available2022-04-01T09:13:53Z-
dc.date.issued2022-
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2022, v. 23, p. 3646-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/311840-
dc.description.abstractSynaptogyrin-3 (SYNGR3) is a synaptic vesicular membrane protein. Amongst four homologues (SYNGR1 to 4), SYNGR1 and 3 are especially abundant in the brain. SYNGR3 interacts with the dopamine transporter (DAT) to facilitate dopamine (DA) uptake and synaptic DA turnover in dopaminergic transmission. Perturbed SYNGR3 expression is observed in Parkinson’s disease (PD). The regulatory elements which affect SYNGR3 expression are unknown. Nuclear-receptor-related-1 protein (NURR1) can regulate dopaminergic neuronal differentiation and maintenance via binding to NGFI-B response elements (NBRE). We explored whether NURR1 can regulate SYNGR3 expression using an in silico analysis of the 5′-flanking region of the human SYNGR3 gene, reporter gene activity and an electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) of potential cis-acting sites. In silico analysis of two genomic DNA segments (1870 bp 5′-flanking region and 1870 + 159 bp of first exon) revealed one X Core Promoter Element 1 (XCPE1), two SP1, and three potential non-canonical NBRE response elements (ncNBRE) but no CAAT or TATA box. The longer segment exhibited gene promoter activity in luciferase reporter assays. Site-directed mutagenesis of XCPE1 decreased promoter activity in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y (↓43.2%) and human embryonic kidney HEK293 cells (↓39.7%). EMSA demonstrated NURR1 binding to these three ncNBRE. Site-directed mutagenesis of these ncNBRE reduced promoter activity by 11–17% in SH-SY5Y (neuronal) but not in HEK293 (non-neuronal) cells. C-DIM12 (Nurr1 activator) increased SYNGR3 protein expression in SH-SY5Y cells and its promoter activity using a real-time luciferase assay. As perturbed vesicular function is a feature of major neurodegenerative diseases, inducing SYNGR3 expression by NURR1 activators may be a potential therapeutic target to attenuate synaptic dysfunction in PD.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences-
dc.titleTranscriptional Regulation of the Synaptic Vesicle Protein Synaptogyrin-3 (SYNGR3) Gene: The Effects of NURR1 on Its Expression-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailHo, WL: hwl2002@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLiu, H: liuhf@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChoi, YK: zoecyk@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailMalki, Y: ymalki@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailKung, MHW: mhwkung@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailHo, SL: slho@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityHo, WL=rp00259-
dc.identifier.authorityHo, SL=rp00240-
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ijms23073646-
dc.identifier.hkuros332548-
dc.identifier.volume23-
dc.identifier.spage3646-
dc.identifier.epage3646-

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