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Article: An Exome-Chip Association Analysis in Chinese Subjects Reveals a Functional Missense Variant of GCKR That Regulates FGF21 Levels

TitleAn Exome-Chip Association Analysis in Chinese Subjects Reveals a Functional Missense Variant of GCKR That Regulates FGF21 Levels
Authors
Issue Date2017
PublisherAmerican Diabetes Association. The Journal's web site is located at http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/
Citation
Diabetes, 2017, v. 66 n. 6, p. 1723-1728 How to Cite?
AbstractFibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is increasingly recognized as an important metabolic regulator of glucose homeostasis. Here, we conducted an exome-chip association analysis by genotyping 5,169 Chinese individuals from a community-based cohort and two clinic-based cohorts. A custom Asian exome-chip was used to detect genetic determinants influencing circulating FGF21 levels. Single-variant association analysis interrogating 70,444 single nucleotide polymorphisms identified a novel locus, GCKR, significantly associated with circulating FGF21 levels at genome-wide significance. In the combined analysis, the common missense variant of GCKR, rs1260326 (p.Pro446Leu), showed an association with FGF21 levels after adjustment for age and sex (P = 1.61 × 10−12; β [SE] = 0.14 [0.02]), which remained significant on further adjustment for BMI (P = 3.01 × 10−14; β [SE] = 0.15 [0.02]). GCKR Leu446 may influence FGF21 expression via its ability to increase glucokinase (GCK) activity. This can lead to enhanced FGF21 expression via elevated fatty acid synthesis, consequent to the inhibition of carnitine/palmitoyl-transferase by malonyl-CoA, and via increased glucose-6-phosphate–mediated activation of the carbohydrate response element binding protein, known to regulate FGF21 gene expression. Our findings shed new light on the genetic regulation of FGF21 levels. Further investigations to dissect the relationship between GCKR and FGF21, with respect to the risk of metabolic diseases, are warranted.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/241505
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 7.72
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 5.185

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorCheung, YY-
dc.contributor.authorTang, SM-
dc.contributor.authorXu, A-
dc.contributor.authorLee, CHP-
dc.contributor.authorAu, KW-
dc.contributor.authorXu, L-
dc.contributor.authorFong, HY-
dc.contributor.authorKwok, HM-
dc.contributor.authorChow, WS-
dc.contributor.authorWoo, YC-
dc.contributor.authorYuen, MAM-
dc.contributor.authorCherny, SS-
dc.contributor.authorHai, SHJJ-
dc.contributor.authorCheung, BMY-
dc.contributor.authorTan, KCB-
dc.contributor.authorLam, TH-
dc.contributor.authorTse, HF-
dc.contributor.authorSham, PC-
dc.contributor.authorLam, KSL-
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-20T01:44:38Z-
dc.date.available2017-06-20T01:44:38Z-
dc.date.issued2017-
dc.identifier.citationDiabetes, 2017, v. 66 n. 6, p. 1723-1728-
dc.identifier.issn0012-1797-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/241505-
dc.description.abstractFibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is increasingly recognized as an important metabolic regulator of glucose homeostasis. Here, we conducted an exome-chip association analysis by genotyping 5,169 Chinese individuals from a community-based cohort and two clinic-based cohorts. A custom Asian exome-chip was used to detect genetic determinants influencing circulating FGF21 levels. Single-variant association analysis interrogating 70,444 single nucleotide polymorphisms identified a novel locus, GCKR, significantly associated with circulating FGF21 levels at genome-wide significance. In the combined analysis, the common missense variant of GCKR, rs1260326 (p.Pro446Leu), showed an association with FGF21 levels after adjustment for age and sex (P = 1.61 × 10−12; β [SE] = 0.14 [0.02]), which remained significant on further adjustment for BMI (P = 3.01 × 10−14; β [SE] = 0.15 [0.02]). GCKR Leu446 may influence FGF21 expression via its ability to increase glucokinase (GCK) activity. This can lead to enhanced FGF21 expression via elevated fatty acid synthesis, consequent to the inhibition of carnitine/palmitoyl-transferase by malonyl-CoA, and via increased glucose-6-phosphate–mediated activation of the carbohydrate response element binding protein, known to regulate FGF21 gene expression. Our findings shed new light on the genetic regulation of FGF21 levels. Further investigations to dissect the relationship between GCKR and FGF21, with respect to the risk of metabolic diseases, are warranted.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherAmerican Diabetes Association. The Journal's web site is located at http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/-
dc.relation.ispartofDiabetes-
dc.rightsThis is an author-created, uncopyedited electronic version of an article accepted for publication in Diabetes. The American Diabetes Association (ADA), publisher of Diabetes, is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it by third parties. The definitive publisher-authenticated version is available online at http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/66/6/1723-
dc.titleAn Exome-Chip Association Analysis in Chinese Subjects Reveals a Functional Missense Variant of GCKR That Regulates FGF21 Levels-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailCheung, YY: cyy0219@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailTang, SM: clalatsm@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailXu, A: amxu@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLee, CHP: pchlee@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailAu, KW: aukawing@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailXu, L: linxu@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailFong, HY: kalofong@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailKwok, HM: kkhm88@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChow, WS: chowws01@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailWoo, YC: wooyucho@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailYuen, MAM: mmayuen@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailCherny, SS: cherny@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailHai, SHJJ: haishjj@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailCheung, BMY: mycheung@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailTan, KCB: kcbtan@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLam, TH: hrmrlth@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailTse, HF: hftse@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailSham, PC: pcsham@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLam, KSL: ksllam@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityCheung, YY=rp02243-
dc.identifier.authorityTang, SM=rp02105-
dc.identifier.authorityXu, A=rp00485-
dc.identifier.authorityLee, CHP=rp02043-
dc.identifier.authorityXu, L=rp02030-
dc.identifier.authorityCherny, SS=rp00232-
dc.identifier.authorityHai, SHJJ=rp02047-
dc.identifier.authorityCheung, BMY=rp01321-
dc.identifier.authorityTan, KCB=rp00402-
dc.identifier.authorityLam, TH=rp00326-
dc.identifier.authorityTse, HF=rp00428-
dc.identifier.authoritySham, PC=rp00459-
dc.identifier.authorityLam, KSL=rp00343-
dc.description.naturepostprint-
dc.identifier.doi10.2337/db16-1384-
dc.identifier.hkuros272472-
dc.identifier.hkuros277454-
dc.identifier.volume66-
dc.identifier.issue6-
dc.identifier.spage1723-
dc.identifier.epage1728-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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