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Article: Music-reading expertise modulates the visual span for English letters but not Chinese characters

TitleMusic-reading expertise modulates the visual span for English letters but not Chinese characters
Authors
KeywordsChinese character identification
English letter identification
Music-reading expertise
Novel symbol identification
Visual span
Issue Date2019
PublisherAssociation for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology. The Journal's web site is located at http://wwwjournalofvisionorg/
Citation
Journal of Vision, 2019, v. 19 n. 4, p. article no. 10 How to Cite?
AbstractRecent research has suggested that the visual span in stimulus identification can be enlarged through perceptual learning. Since both English and music reading involve left-to-right sequential symbol processing, music-reading experience may enhance symbol identification through perceptual learning particularly in the right visual field (RVF). In contrast, as Chinese can be read in all directions, and components of Chinese characters do not consistently form a left-right structure, this hypothesized RVF enhancement effect may be limited in Chinese character identification. To test these hypotheses, here we recruited musicians and nonmusicians who read Chinese as their first language (L1) and English as their second language (L2) to identify music notes, English letters, Chinese characters, and novel symbols (Tibetan letters) presented at different eccentricities and visual field locations on the screen while maintaining central fixation. We found that in English letter identification, significantly more musicians achieved above-chance performance in the center-RVF locations than nonmusicians. This effect was not observed in Chinese character or novel symbol identification. We also found that in music note identification, musicians outperformed nonmusicians in accuracy in the center-RVF condition, consistent with the RVF enhancement effect in the visual span observed in English-letter identification. These results suggest that the modulation of music-reading experience on the visual span for stimulus identification depends on the similarities in the perceptual processes involved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/276269
ISSN
2017 Impact Factor: 2.266
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.042

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLI, TK-
dc.contributor.authorChung, STL-
dc.contributor.authorHsiao, JH-
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-10T02:59:29Z-
dc.date.available2019-09-10T02:59:29Z-
dc.date.issued2019-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Vision, 2019, v. 19 n. 4, p. article no. 10-
dc.identifier.issn1534-7362-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/276269-
dc.description.abstractRecent research has suggested that the visual span in stimulus identification can be enlarged through perceptual learning. Since both English and music reading involve left-to-right sequential symbol processing, music-reading experience may enhance symbol identification through perceptual learning particularly in the right visual field (RVF). In contrast, as Chinese can be read in all directions, and components of Chinese characters do not consistently form a left-right structure, this hypothesized RVF enhancement effect may be limited in Chinese character identification. To test these hypotheses, here we recruited musicians and nonmusicians who read Chinese as their first language (L1) and English as their second language (L2) to identify music notes, English letters, Chinese characters, and novel symbols (Tibetan letters) presented at different eccentricities and visual field locations on the screen while maintaining central fixation. We found that in English letter identification, significantly more musicians achieved above-chance performance in the center-RVF locations than nonmusicians. This effect was not observed in Chinese character or novel symbol identification. We also found that in music note identification, musicians outperformed nonmusicians in accuracy in the center-RVF condition, consistent with the RVF enhancement effect in the visual span observed in English-letter identification. These results suggest that the modulation of music-reading experience on the visual span for stimulus identification depends on the similarities in the perceptual processes involved.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherAssociation for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology. The Journal's web site is located at http://wwwjournalofvisionorg/-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Vision-
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.-
dc.subjectChinese character identification-
dc.subjectEnglish letter identification-
dc.subjectMusic-reading expertise-
dc.subjectNovel symbol identification-
dc.subjectVisual span-
dc.titleMusic-reading expertise modulates the visual span for English letters but not Chinese characters-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailHsiao, JH: jhsiao@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityHsiao, JH=rp00632-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1167/19.4.10-
dc.identifier.pmid30952161-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85064514844-
dc.identifier.hkuros303460-
dc.identifier.volume19-
dc.identifier.issue4-
dc.identifier.spagearticle no. 10-
dc.identifier.epagearticle no. 10-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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