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postgraduate thesis: Sleep disturbance and cognitive functioning in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

TitleSleep disturbance and cognitive functioning in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
Authors
Issue Date2018
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Chiu, W. V. [趙蔚殷]. (2018). Sleep disturbance and cognitive functioning in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR.
AbstractChildren with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were found to experience greater sleep disturbance than healthy developing children. Sleep disturbance is related to poorer neurocognitive functioning, yet the contribution of sleep disturbance on the neurocognitive impairments in children with ADHD remains unclear at this stage. This thesis consisted of two studies that aimed at investigating the association between parent reported sleep disturbance (Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire) and objectively measured cognitive functioning in children with ADHD (aged 6-12 years). Study 1 was a case control study comparing the cognitive functioning between ADHD children with no or mild sleep problem (n = 31) and those with moderate or severe sleep problem (n = 31). Study 2 was a pilot study evaluating the effects of behavioural sleep intervention for ADHD children with moderate or severe sleep problem (n = 16) on cognitive functioning. Results from study 1 found that the severity of parent reported sleep problem was significantly associated with the reaction time on the continuous performance task and the number of perseverative response on the card sorting task. Results from study 2 found sleep-focused intervention led to a significant improvement in response latency on the letter-digit substitution task in children with ADHD. Parent-reported behavioural sleep problems, particularly insomnia symptoms, were associated with impaired attention and executive functioning in children with ADHD. Furthermore, preliminary evidence suggested that parent-based behavioural sleep intervention could potentially improve cognitive performance (enhancement in processing speed) in children with both ADHD and sleep problem.
DegreeMaster of Social Sciences
SubjectSleep disorders in children
Cognition in children
Attention-deficit-disordered children
Dept/ProgramClinical Psychology
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/278512

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChiu, Waiyan Vivian-
dc.contributor.author趙蔚殷-
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-10T03:42:01Z-
dc.date.available2019-10-10T03:42:01Z-
dc.date.issued2018-
dc.identifier.citationChiu, W. V. [趙蔚殷]. (2018). Sleep disturbance and cognitive functioning in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR.-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/278512-
dc.description.abstractChildren with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were found to experience greater sleep disturbance than healthy developing children. Sleep disturbance is related to poorer neurocognitive functioning, yet the contribution of sleep disturbance on the neurocognitive impairments in children with ADHD remains unclear at this stage. This thesis consisted of two studies that aimed at investigating the association between parent reported sleep disturbance (Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire) and objectively measured cognitive functioning in children with ADHD (aged 6-12 years). Study 1 was a case control study comparing the cognitive functioning between ADHD children with no or mild sleep problem (n = 31) and those with moderate or severe sleep problem (n = 31). Study 2 was a pilot study evaluating the effects of behavioural sleep intervention for ADHD children with moderate or severe sleep problem (n = 16) on cognitive functioning. Results from study 1 found that the severity of parent reported sleep problem was significantly associated with the reaction time on the continuous performance task and the number of perseverative response on the card sorting task. Results from study 2 found sleep-focused intervention led to a significant improvement in response latency on the letter-digit substitution task in children with ADHD. Parent-reported behavioural sleep problems, particularly insomnia symptoms, were associated with impaired attention and executive functioning in children with ADHD. Furthermore, preliminary evidence suggested that parent-based behavioural sleep intervention could potentially improve cognitive performance (enhancement in processing speed) in children with both ADHD and sleep problem. -
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.-
dc.subject.lcshSleep disorders in children-
dc.subject.lcshCognition in children-
dc.subject.lcshAttention-deficit-disordered children-
dc.titleSleep disturbance and cognitive functioning in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Social Sciences-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineClinical Psychology-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.date.hkucongregation2018-
dc.identifier.mmsid991044144988803414-

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