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Article: Effects of simple active referrals of different intensities on smoking abstinence and smoking cessation services attendance: a cluster randomised clinical trial

TitleEffects of simple active referrals of different intensities on smoking abstinence and smoking cessation services attendance: a cluster randomised clinical trial
Authors
Issue Date2020
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1360-0443
Citation
Addiction, 2020, Epub 2020-03-09 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground and aims: Proactive brief cessation advice by a lay counsellor combined with a referral to a smoking cessation service (active referral) is effective in increasing service use and quitting in community smokers. We compared the effect of two modified approaches to referrals on the cessation outcomes in community smokers. Design: Three‐arm cluster‐randomised trial. Setting: General community in Hong Kong. Participants: Daily cigarette smokers (n=1163; 77.7% male). Interventions: Participants were randomised to receive onsite active referral (OSR, n=395), where lay counsellors helped participants make appointments with a smoking cessation service of their choice plus tailored reminders; mobile text messaging referral (TMR, n=385), where participants were encouraged to use a smoking cessation service via text messages; or brief cessation advice only (Control, n=383). Measurements: The primary outcome was a self‐reported 7‐day point‐prevalence abstinence at 6 months post‐treatment initiation. Secondary outcomes included 7‐day point‐prevalence abstinence at 3 and 18 months, biochemically validated abstinence, smoking reduction and the use of cessation services at 3, 6 and 18 months. Findings: Using the intention‐to‐treat analysis, the OSR (17.7%) and TMR (17.1%) groups had significantly higher self‐reported abstinence than the Control (12.0%) group at 6 months (odds ratio [OR] for OSR vs. Control=1.58, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.06‐2.36; OR for TMR vs. Control=1.52, 95% CI=1.01‐2.28; both P<0.05). The corresponding validated abstinence rates at 6 months were 7.6%, 7.8% and 3.9% (OR for TMR vs. Control=2.02, 95% CI=1.07‐3.81; OR for TMR vs. Control=2.07, 95% CI=1.10‐3.92; both P<0.05). Self‐reported and validated abstinence were similar at 18 months. OSR groups had higher rates of smoking cessation service use than the Control group at all follow‐ups (all P<0.001). The smoking reduction rates were similar in continuing smokers. Conclusions: Simple active referrals (in person or via text messaging) to smoking cessation services increased abstinence rates among smokers in Hong Kong compared with general brief cessation advice. Onsite active referral increased the use of smoking cessation services compared with general brief cessation advice.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/281665
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 6.343
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.086

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWeng, X-
dc.contributor.authorLuk, TT-
dc.contributor.authorSuen, YN-
dc.contributor.authorWu, Y-
dc.contributor.authorLi, WHC-
dc.contributor.authorCheung, YD-
dc.contributor.authorKwong, A-
dc.contributor.authorLai, V-
dc.contributor.authorChan, SS-
dc.contributor.authorLam, TH-
dc.contributor.authorWang, MP-
dc.date.accessioned2020-03-22T04:17:59Z-
dc.date.available2020-03-22T04:17:59Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citationAddiction, 2020, Epub 2020-03-09-
dc.identifier.issn0965-2140-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/281665-
dc.description.abstractBackground and aims: Proactive brief cessation advice by a lay counsellor combined with a referral to a smoking cessation service (active referral) is effective in increasing service use and quitting in community smokers. We compared the effect of two modified approaches to referrals on the cessation outcomes in community smokers. Design: Three‐arm cluster‐randomised trial. Setting: General community in Hong Kong. Participants: Daily cigarette smokers (n=1163; 77.7% male). Interventions: Participants were randomised to receive onsite active referral (OSR, n=395), where lay counsellors helped participants make appointments with a smoking cessation service of their choice plus tailored reminders; mobile text messaging referral (TMR, n=385), where participants were encouraged to use a smoking cessation service via text messages; or brief cessation advice only (Control, n=383). Measurements: The primary outcome was a self‐reported 7‐day point‐prevalence abstinence at 6 months post‐treatment initiation. Secondary outcomes included 7‐day point‐prevalence abstinence at 3 and 18 months, biochemically validated abstinence, smoking reduction and the use of cessation services at 3, 6 and 18 months. Findings: Using the intention‐to‐treat analysis, the OSR (17.7%) and TMR (17.1%) groups had significantly higher self‐reported abstinence than the Control (12.0%) group at 6 months (odds ratio [OR] for OSR vs. Control=1.58, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.06‐2.36; OR for TMR vs. Control=1.52, 95% CI=1.01‐2.28; both P<0.05). The corresponding validated abstinence rates at 6 months were 7.6%, 7.8% and 3.9% (OR for TMR vs. Control=2.02, 95% CI=1.07‐3.81; OR for TMR vs. Control=2.07, 95% CI=1.10‐3.92; both P<0.05). Self‐reported and validated abstinence were similar at 18 months. OSR groups had higher rates of smoking cessation service use than the Control group at all follow‐ups (all P<0.001). The smoking reduction rates were similar in continuing smokers. Conclusions: Simple active referrals (in person or via text messaging) to smoking cessation services increased abstinence rates among smokers in Hong Kong compared with general brief cessation advice. Onsite active referral increased the use of smoking cessation services compared with general brief cessation advice.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd. The Journal's web site is located at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1360-0443-
dc.relation.ispartofAddiction-
dc.rightsPreprint This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: [FULL CITE], which has been published in final form at [Link to final article using the DOI]. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. Postprint This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: [FULL CITE], which has been published in final form at [Link to final article using the DOI]. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.-
dc.titleEffects of simple active referrals of different intensities on smoking abstinence and smoking cessation services attendance: a cluster randomised clinical trial-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailWeng, X: wengxue@connect.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLuk, TT: lukkevin@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailSuen, YN: suenyn@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailWu, Y: ydswu@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLi, WHC: william3@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailCheung, YD: takderek@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChan, SS: scsophia@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLam, TH: hrmrlth@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailWang, MP: mpwang@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authoritySuen, YN=rp02481-
dc.identifier.authorityLi, WHC=rp00528-
dc.identifier.authorityCheung, YD=rp02262-
dc.identifier.authorityChan, SS=rp00423-
dc.identifier.authorityLam, TH=rp00326-
dc.identifier.authorityWang, MP=rp01863-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/add.15029-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85082198615-
dc.identifier.hkuros309454-
dc.identifier.volumeEpub 2020-03-09-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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