File Download

There are no files associated with this item.

  Links for fulltext
     (May Require Subscription)
Supplementary

Article: Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells Up-regulate PVRL1, Stabilizing Poliovirus Receptor and Inhibiting the Cytotoxic T-cell Response via TIGIT to Mediate Tumor Resistance to PD1 Inhibitors in Mice

TitleHepatocellular Carcinoma Cells Up-regulate PVRL1, Stabilizing Poliovirus Receptor and Inhibiting the Cytotoxic T-cell Response via TIGIT to Mediate Tumor Resistance to PD1 Inhibitors in Mice
Authors
KeywordsLiver Cancer
Immune Regulation
Immunotherapy
Mouse Model
Issue Date2020
PublisherWB Saunders Co. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/gastro
Citation
Gastroenterology, 2020, Epub 2020-04-07 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground & Aims: Immune checkpoint inhibitors are effective in the treatment of some hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs), but these tumors do not always respond to inhibitors of programmed cell death 1 (PDCD1, also called PD1). We investigated mechanisms of resistance of liver tumors in mice to infiltrating T cells. Methods: Mice were given hydrodynamic tail vein injections of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats–Cas9 and transposon vectors to disrupt Trp53 and overexpress Myc (Trp53 KO/C-Myc OE mice). PVRL1 and PVRL3 were knocked down in Hepa1-6 cells by using short hairpin RNAs. Hepa1-6 cells were injected into livers of C57BL/6 mice; some mice were given intraperitoneal injections of antibodies against PD1, T-cell immunoglobulin and ITIM domain (TIGIT), or CD8 before the cancer cells were injected. Liver tissues were collected from mice and analyzed by histology, immunohistochemistry, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction; tumors were analyzed by mass cytometry using markers to detect T cells and other lymphocytes. We obtained HCC and nontumor liver tissues and clinical data from patients who underwent surgery in Hong Kong and analyzed the tissues by immunohistochemistry. Results: Trp53 KO/C-Myc OE mice developed liver tumors in 3–5 weeks; injections of anti-PD1 did not slow tumor development. Tumors from mice given anti-PD1 had larger numbers of memory CD8 + T cells (CD44 +CD62L –KLRG int) and T cells that expressed PD1, LAG3, and TIGIT compared with mice not given the antibody. HCC tissues from patients had higher levels of PVRL1 messenger RNA and protein than nontumor tissues. Increased PVRL1 was associated with shorter times of disease-free survival. Knockdown of PVRL1 in Hepa1-6 cells caused them to form smaller tumors in mice, infiltrated by higher numbers of CD8 + T cells that expressed the inhibitory protein TIGIT; these effects were not observed in mice with depletion of CD8 + T cells. In Hepa1-6 cells, PVRL1 stabilized cell surface PVR, which interacted with TIGIT on CD8 + T cells; knockdown of PVRL1 reduced cell-surface levels of PVR but not levels of Pvr messenger RNA. In Trp53 KO/C-Myc OE mice and mice with tumors grown from Hepa1-6 cells, injection of the combination of anti-PD1 and anti-TIGIT significantly reduced tumor growth, increased the ratio of cytotoxic to regulatory T cells in tumors, and prolonged survival. Conclusions: PVRL1, which is up-regulated by HCC cells, stabilizes cell surface PVR, which interacts with TIGIT, an inhibitory molecule on CD8 + effector memory T cells. This suppresses the ant-tumor immune response. Inhibitors of PVRL1, along with anti-PD1 and anti-TIGIT, might be developed for treatment of HCC.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/284099
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 17.373
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 7.170

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChiu, DKC-
dc.contributor.authorYuen, VWH-
dc.contributor.authorCheu, JWS-
dc.contributor.authorWei, LL-
dc.contributor.authorTing, V-
dc.contributor.authorFehlings, M-
dc.contributor.authorSumatoh, H-
dc.contributor.authorNardin, A-
dc.contributor.authorNewell, EW-
dc.contributor.authorNg, IOL-
dc.contributor.authorYau, TCC-
dc.contributor.authorWong, CM-
dc.contributor.authorWong, CCL-
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-20T05:56:04Z-
dc.date.available2020-07-20T05:56:04Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citationGastroenterology, 2020, Epub 2020-04-07-
dc.identifier.issn0016-5085-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/284099-
dc.description.abstractBackground & Aims: Immune checkpoint inhibitors are effective in the treatment of some hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs), but these tumors do not always respond to inhibitors of programmed cell death 1 (PDCD1, also called PD1). We investigated mechanisms of resistance of liver tumors in mice to infiltrating T cells. Methods: Mice were given hydrodynamic tail vein injections of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats–Cas9 and transposon vectors to disrupt Trp53 and overexpress Myc (Trp53 KO/C-Myc OE mice). PVRL1 and PVRL3 were knocked down in Hepa1-6 cells by using short hairpin RNAs. Hepa1-6 cells were injected into livers of C57BL/6 mice; some mice were given intraperitoneal injections of antibodies against PD1, T-cell immunoglobulin and ITIM domain (TIGIT), or CD8 before the cancer cells were injected. Liver tissues were collected from mice and analyzed by histology, immunohistochemistry, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction; tumors were analyzed by mass cytometry using markers to detect T cells and other lymphocytes. We obtained HCC and nontumor liver tissues and clinical data from patients who underwent surgery in Hong Kong and analyzed the tissues by immunohistochemistry. Results: Trp53 KO/C-Myc OE mice developed liver tumors in 3–5 weeks; injections of anti-PD1 did not slow tumor development. Tumors from mice given anti-PD1 had larger numbers of memory CD8 + T cells (CD44 +CD62L –KLRG int) and T cells that expressed PD1, LAG3, and TIGIT compared with mice not given the antibody. HCC tissues from patients had higher levels of PVRL1 messenger RNA and protein than nontumor tissues. Increased PVRL1 was associated with shorter times of disease-free survival. Knockdown of PVRL1 in Hepa1-6 cells caused them to form smaller tumors in mice, infiltrated by higher numbers of CD8 + T cells that expressed the inhibitory protein TIGIT; these effects were not observed in mice with depletion of CD8 + T cells. In Hepa1-6 cells, PVRL1 stabilized cell surface PVR, which interacted with TIGIT on CD8 + T cells; knockdown of PVRL1 reduced cell-surface levels of PVR but not levels of Pvr messenger RNA. In Trp53 KO/C-Myc OE mice and mice with tumors grown from Hepa1-6 cells, injection of the combination of anti-PD1 and anti-TIGIT significantly reduced tumor growth, increased the ratio of cytotoxic to regulatory T cells in tumors, and prolonged survival. Conclusions: PVRL1, which is up-regulated by HCC cells, stabilizes cell surface PVR, which interacts with TIGIT, an inhibitory molecule on CD8 + effector memory T cells. This suppresses the ant-tumor immune response. Inhibitors of PVRL1, along with anti-PD1 and anti-TIGIT, might be developed for treatment of HCC.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherWB Saunders Co. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/gastro-
dc.relation.ispartofGastroenterology-
dc.subjectLiver Cancer-
dc.subjectImmune Regulation-
dc.subjectImmunotherapy-
dc.subjectMouse Model-
dc.titleHepatocellular Carcinoma Cells Up-regulate PVRL1, Stabilizing Poliovirus Receptor and Inhibiting the Cytotoxic T-cell Response via TIGIT to Mediate Tumor Resistance to PD1 Inhibitors in Mice-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailNg, IOL: iolng@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailYau, TCC: tyaucc@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailWong, CM: jcmwong@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailWong, CCL: carmencl@pathology.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityNg, IOL=rp00335-
dc.identifier.authorityYau, TCC=rp01466-
dc.identifier.authorityWong, CM=rp00231-
dc.identifier.authorityWong, CCL=rp01602-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1053/j.gastro.2020.03.074-
dc.identifier.pmid32275969-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-85089315275-
dc.identifier.hkuros311472-
dc.identifier.volumeEpub 2020-04-07-
dc.identifier.spage30461-
dc.identifier.epage3-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

Export via OAI-PMH Interface in XML Formats


OR


Export to Other Non-XML Formats