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Article: Comparative genomics analyses on EPS biosynthesis genes required for floc formation of Zoogloea resiniphila and other activated sludge bacteria

TitleComparative genomics analyses on EPS biosynthesis genes required for floc formation of Zoogloea resiniphila and other activated sludge bacteria
Authors
Issue Date2016
Citation
Water Research, 2016, v. 102, p. 494-504 How to Cite?
AbstractActivated sludge (AS) process has been widely utilized for municipal sewage and industrial wastewater treatment. Zoolgoea and its related floc-forming bacteria are required for formation of AS flocs which is the key to gravitational effluent-and-sludge separation and AS recycling. However, little is known about the genetics, biochemistry and physiology of Zoogloea and its related bacteria. This report deals with the comparative genomic analyses on two Zoogloea resiniphila draft genomes and the closely related proteobacterial species commonly found in AS. In particular, the metabolic processes involved in removal of organic matters, nitrogen and phosphorus were analyzed. Furthermore, it is revealed that a large gene cluster, encoding eight glycosyltransferases and other proteins involved in biosynthesis and export of extracellular polysaccharides (EPS), was required for floc formation. One of the two asparagine synthase paralogues, associated with this EPS biosynthesis gene cluster, was required for floc formation in Zoogloea. Similar EPS biosynthesis gene cluster(s) were identified in the genome of other AS proteobacteria including polyphosphate-accumulating Candidatus Accumulibacter phosphatis (CAP) and nitrifying Nitrosopira and Nitrosomonas bacteria, but the gene composition varies interspecifically and intraspecifically. Our results indicate that floc formation of desired AS bacteria, including CAP strains, facilitate their recruitment into AS and gradual enrichment via repeated AS settling and recycling processes.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/293586
ISSN
2019 Impact Factor: 9.13
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.772

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorAn, W-
dc.contributor.authorGuo, F-
dc.contributor.authorSong, Y-
dc.contributor.authorGao, N-
dc.contributor.authorBai, S-
dc.contributor.authorDai, J-
dc.contributor.authorWei, H-
dc.contributor.authorZhang, L-
dc.contributor.authorYu, D-
dc.contributor.authorXia, M-
dc.contributor.authorYu, Y-
dc.contributor.authorQi, M-
dc.contributor.authorTian, C-
dc.contributor.authorChen, H-
dc.contributor.authorWu, Z-
dc.contributor.authorZhang, T-
dc.contributor.authorQiu, D-
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-23T08:18:55Z-
dc.date.available2020-11-23T08:18:55Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationWater Research, 2016, v. 102, p. 494-504-
dc.identifier.issn0043-1354-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/293586-
dc.description.abstractActivated sludge (AS) process has been widely utilized for municipal sewage and industrial wastewater treatment. Zoolgoea and its related floc-forming bacteria are required for formation of AS flocs which is the key to gravitational effluent-and-sludge separation and AS recycling. However, little is known about the genetics, biochemistry and physiology of Zoogloea and its related bacteria. This report deals with the comparative genomic analyses on two Zoogloea resiniphila draft genomes and the closely related proteobacterial species commonly found in AS. In particular, the metabolic processes involved in removal of organic matters, nitrogen and phosphorus were analyzed. Furthermore, it is revealed that a large gene cluster, encoding eight glycosyltransferases and other proteins involved in biosynthesis and export of extracellular polysaccharides (EPS), was required for floc formation. One of the two asparagine synthase paralogues, associated with this EPS biosynthesis gene cluster, was required for floc formation in Zoogloea. Similar EPS biosynthesis gene cluster(s) were identified in the genome of other AS proteobacteria including polyphosphate-accumulating Candidatus Accumulibacter phosphatis (CAP) and nitrifying Nitrosopira and Nitrosomonas bacteria, but the gene composition varies interspecifically and intraspecifically. Our results indicate that floc formation of desired AS bacteria, including CAP strains, facilitate their recruitment into AS and gradual enrichment via repeated AS settling and recycling processes.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofWater Research-
dc.titleComparative genomics analyses on EPS biosynthesis genes required for floc formation of Zoogloea resiniphila and other activated sludge bacteria-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailZhang, T: zhangt@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityZhang, T=rp00211-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.watres.2016.06.058-
dc.identifier.hkuros319465-
dc.identifier.volume102-
dc.identifier.spage494-
dc.identifier.epage504-

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