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Article: Comparing Mindful and Non-Mindful Exercises on Alleviating Anxiety Symptoms: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

TitleComparing Mindful and Non-Mindful Exercises on Alleviating Anxiety Symptoms: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Authors
Issue Date2020
Citation
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2020, v. 17 n. 22 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: In recent years, studies and reviews have reported the therapeutic benefits of both mindful and non-mindful exercises in reducing anxiety. However, there have not been any systematic reviews to compare their relative effectiveness for therapeutic application, especially among the non-clinical population. Thus, the aim of this review is to compare the effectiveness between mindful and non-mindful exercise on treating anxiety among non-clinical samples. Methods: Potential articles were retrieved from PubMed, Embase, Academic Search Premier, and PsycInfo. Randomized controlled trials, which involved both mindful and non-mindful exercises as intervention, and the use of anxiety outcome measures were included. Results: Twenty-four studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were included in our systematic review. In addition, 14 studies provided sufficient data to be included in the meta-analysis. For studies that reported significant group differences at post-assessment, results showed that mindful exercise was more beneficial in reducing anxiety than non-mindful exercise. The meta-analysis reported that yoga was more effective in reducing anxiety than non-mindful exercise. Conclusions: Compared to non-mindful exercise, yoga is shown to be more effective in alleviating anxiety symptoms. It is recommended that yoga could be used as a primary healthcare intervention to help the public reduce anxiety. Keywords: anxiety; mindful exercise; physical exercise; primary health care; qigong; yoga.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/322317

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorSo, WWY-
dc.contributor.authorLu, EY-
dc.contributor.authorCheung, WM-
dc.contributor.authorTsang, HWH-
dc.date.accessioned2022-11-14T08:19:52Z-
dc.date.available2022-11-14T08:19:52Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2020, v. 17 n. 22-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/322317-
dc.description.abstractBackground: In recent years, studies and reviews have reported the therapeutic benefits of both mindful and non-mindful exercises in reducing anxiety. However, there have not been any systematic reviews to compare their relative effectiveness for therapeutic application, especially among the non-clinical population. Thus, the aim of this review is to compare the effectiveness between mindful and non-mindful exercise on treating anxiety among non-clinical samples. Methods: Potential articles were retrieved from PubMed, Embase, Academic Search Premier, and PsycInfo. Randomized controlled trials, which involved both mindful and non-mindful exercises as intervention, and the use of anxiety outcome measures were included. Results: Twenty-four studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were included in our systematic review. In addition, 14 studies provided sufficient data to be included in the meta-analysis. For studies that reported significant group differences at post-assessment, results showed that mindful exercise was more beneficial in reducing anxiety than non-mindful exercise. The meta-analysis reported that yoga was more effective in reducing anxiety than non-mindful exercise. Conclusions: Compared to non-mindful exercise, yoga is shown to be more effective in alleviating anxiety symptoms. It is recommended that yoga could be used as a primary healthcare intervention to help the public reduce anxiety. Keywords: anxiety; mindful exercise; physical exercise; primary health care; qigong; yoga.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health-
dc.titleComparing Mindful and Non-Mindful Exercises on Alleviating Anxiety Symptoms: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailCheung, WM: cwming@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityCheung, WM=rp00896-
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ijerph17228692-
dc.identifier.hkuros342182-
dc.identifier.volume17-
dc.identifier.issue22-

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